Scientific Investigation

The Scientific Method

The way to know something for certain in the domain of science, a scientific investigation is conducted. It is the heart of science. It provides us with answers to the matters unbeknownst to us. A scientific investigation is a procedure of asking questions and then testing probably answers. In some cases, no conclusions are drawn. However, the investigation that has been conducted can be helpful in future endeavors. A scientific investigation is conducted through a set of procedures- firstly it starts with making an observation, then asking a question, then comes the stage when one has to form a hypothesis and then test it, finally draw a conclusion.  

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A scientific investigation is administered according to some methods which are as follows-

Steps of A Scientific Investigation

Sl No

Steps

1.

Make Observations

2.

Pose a Question

3.

Form Hypothesis

4.

Test Hypothesis

5.

Draw Conclusion

6.

Communicate The Results


Making Observations

The first and foremost step of a scientific investigation is to make observations. For instance, let’s imagine that the refrigerator at your home is malfunctioning. It seems to turn off and on all by itself; you are in charge of the matter. While encountering the matter, you have just made your observation that the refrigerator is not switching on.

Ask A Question

In this step, you have to pose a question. The question should be rudimentary, and the motive behind the question should be clear to you as it will help you narrow down the possibilities. The question you should be asking is why the refrigerator doesn’t start. This question will lay bricks to the later steps to come.

Form A Hypothesis

In this step, you have to propose a possible explanation about the question you asked in the previous step. A reasonable hypothesis is a way to go here. This is the most important part of a scientific investigation. The rightness of a hypothesis that you will propose will depend on the amount of experience you have on the matter. For a beginner, your hypothesis may not be correct or maybe slightly diverted, but with experience, it will be more nearer to the actual cause. In this case, the first hypothesis you should be making is- the electrical outlet may be broken. Thus the flow of electricity is hampered, causing the refrigerator to turn off involuntarily.

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Test the Hypothesis

In this step, you have to cross-check the matters according to your hypothesis to prove the acuteness of it. After this process, the hypothesis can turn out to be true or may not be. In the latter case, you have to propose a different hypothesis. So it boils down to the trial and error method. In your case, you have suspected that the electrical outlet may be broken or damaged. To prove your hypothesis, you have to open the electrical outlet or the switchboard to further investigate the matter. Let’s say, for example, you find out that it is the electrical outlet that is actually causing the problem.

Draw Conclusion

In this step, you have to conclude the process of the scientific investigation. You have just found out the electrical outlet has been damaged or broken, so you have to change it or fix it. A quick fact, a hypothesis can never be proven entirely true as one can never examine all the possibilities. The more pieces of evidence you have to support the hypothesis, the more acute hypothesis you have.  

Communicating The Results

In this step, you have to share the finding with others, so that others can add to your findings or proffer an alternative hypothesis.

Did You Know

Scientific investigation is the heart of science.  A scientific investigation is conducted through a set of procedures- firstly it starts with making an observation, then asking a question, then comes the stage when one has to form a hypothesis and then test it, finally draw a conclusion and communicate the results.  It provides us with answers to the matters unbeknownst to us. 

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the scientific investigation?

The way to know something for certain in the domain of science, a scientific investigation is conducted. It is the heart of science. It provides us with answers to the matters unbeknownst to us. A scientific investigation is a procedure of asking questions and then testing probably answers. In some cases, no conclusions are drawn. However, the investigation that has been conducted can be helpful in future endeavours. A scientific investigation is conducted through a set of procedures- firstly it starts with making an observation, then asking a question, then comes the stage when one has to form a hypothesis and then test it, finally draw a conclusion.


2. Describe the six stages of a scientific investigation in brief.

Make Observations, pose a Question, form Hypothesis, test Hypothesis, draw Conclusion, communicate the results- these are the six steps of a scientific investigation. The first and foremost step of a scientific investigation is to make observations. Then the question should be rudimentary, and the motive behind the question should be clear to you as it will help you narrow down the possibilities. In the next step, you have to propose a possible explanation about the question you asked in the previous step. Then you have to cross-check the matters according to your hypothesis to prove the acuteness of it. After this, you have to conclude the process of scientific investigation. In the next step, you have to share the finding with others, so that others can add to your findings or proffer an alternative hypothesis.