The neutral point of any electric supply you have is closely related to the earth; this is the reason that the neutral point and the earth point are closely related too. But remember, that they are closely related but are not the same. Since they are closely related, students often get confused and think they are the same.
Talking about earthing point and neutral point, they have closely related anchors and in almost all the wiring systems, you are going to find these points. They both are an essential part of the wiring of an appliance and are used for safety purposes so that the user remains protected from the electric current. We know that there are frequent fluctuations that occur in electricity or equipment and if you have these points in the appliance, there is less chance for your appliance getting any kind of damage.
To understand what is earthing and neutral point, we will look at a three-pin electrical socket that we use in our everyday life. The current that is supplied for a household is carried by a three-phase circuit. That is the reason every socket used for any electrical equipment is preferred to be three-pin. The three pins correspond to earth, neutral, and phase. The phase line is the one that carries current, the neutral line provides the return path to balance the flow of current, and finally earthing is purely used for safety purposes.
Below in this article, you are going to get information about the earthing and neutral separately and then we are going to get the information about their differences in brief. For all those who are looking for an article that can explain to you the topic of earthing and an article in brief within a short time and in an effective way, then this article, provided to you by Vedantu, is going to help you. Use this article to revise your topic in a short period of time.
What is an Earthing?
Earthing, from a physics point of view, is the process of immediate transfer of electric energy into the earth. This process of earthing is always done with the help of a low resistance wire so that minimum resistance is provided to you while you are transferring the charge to earth.
Basically earthing is a precautionary connection that is made in many high-voltage devices and those devices that are costly as well as fluctuations on which can easily damage the device, such as that of air conditioners. We are provided with this earthing connection so that due to excess fluctuations in the devices, they may not get damaged.
If we talk about the main function of earthing, it is to protect humans from getting any kind of electric shock. Any electric equipment, when it comes into contact with a metal surface, a current is induced in it which results in electric shock. So in order to protect you from getting shocked while using them, earthing is done. Besides this, earthing provides you with a low resistance path, so that the extra current directly travels down to the ground.
The neutral wire is used for providing a return path for the flow of current in an AC circuit. The neutral wire carries no current, yet without neutral wire the AC circuit is incomplete. In any electrical circuit, the neutral wire will redirect the path of the electrical current to its source point.
Basically, this neutral wire or neutral point in a three-phase circuit is where the sum of current will be zero and this neutral point is most commonly known as the zero potential point. In an AC circuit, the earth and the neutral point must be at the same potential, ideally, the potential difference between the two will be zero.
The major resemblance that you can see between both neutral connections and earthing connections is that both of them are used for safety purposes.
Earthing and Neutral - Their Differences
These are the major earthing and neutral differences. The difference between ground earth and neutral provides a brief idea of AC circuit connections.
Importance of Earthing
The discovery of electricity has made life easy and convenient. As every discovery has its own pros and cons, the cons of electricity were electrical shocks that may lead to death.
To prevent the electrical shock the earthing concept was introduced.
The Earth wire is a conductor embedded in the ground and electrically in contact with it. Earthing prevents wastage of electricity and electrical shocks.
Importance of Neutral
A neutral wire is half of the electrical circuit. It completes the AC circuit.
A neutral wire is required to return the electric current to its source point, a circuit without a neutral wire will not conduct.
A neutral wire can directly carry the circuit to the original powerhouse. More preferably, if we say then this brings the circuit back to ground connected at the electric panel.