Difference Between Capacitor and Inductor

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Differences of Capacitor and Inductor

As we are comfortable with the basic concepts that are of capacitance and we are well on our way to understanding inductance. That is because these two phenomena are very similar to each other. They might be described as “equal but opposite” in nature:

  • A capacitor which generally emits energy in an electric field that is said to be an inductor that generally stores energy in a field that is known as the magnetic field.

  • When a capacitor is said to be generally connected to a source voltage, so we can say that its voltage gradually increases and its current decreases gradually. When an inductor is said to be connected to a source voltage and then its current gradually increases and its voltage gradually decreases.


Capacitor vs Inductor

  • With a capacitor the rate of charging and discharging is governed by the RC time constant. 

  • If a circuit capacitive which is disconnected from a power supply then the capacitor will temporarily maintain the said voltage. 

  • A basic inductor which is said to be simply a coiled wire which is we can say the following diagram conveys the way in which this structure which is said to be concentrated in the field that is of magnetic field lines.

One of the main differences which is the difference between a capacitor and an inductor is said to be that a capacitor opposes a change in voltage which is while an inductor opposes a change in the current. Furthermore we can say that the inductor stores energy in it in the form of a magnetic field and the capacitor that generally stores energy in the form of an electric field. In this article we will be learning more differences which is between capacitor and inductor.


Difference Between Inductance and Capacitance

The inductor and the capacitor are said to be both electrical components which are generally used to oppose changes in current in the electrical and electronic circuits. These components which we have talked about are passive elements which draw power from the store that is the circuit and then discharge. The applications which are of both components are said to be widely used in alternative current which is denoted as AC and also in signal filtering applications. In this article it is given an overview of what is a capacitor and then the inductor and differences that are the types and the uses and its characteristics.

The term capacitor is said to be an electrical component that is made up of two conductors alienated by an insulator. When a potential difference which is generally supplied to both the terminals is said to be an electric field which is formed and electric charges are stored. The information which is based on the characteristics that is  the capacitor is widely used to build electronic circuits. As a dielectric substance that is of  any non-conducting substance which can be used.  But we can say that some of the preferred dielectric materials are said to be teflon and then the  Mylar and porcelain, mica, and cellulose. A capacitor which is said to be defined by the based on the material which is said to be chosen like electrode or we can say the dielectric. The dielectric material which is mainly used to help in storing the energy which is the electrical energy. The value of the  capacitor’s can be determined by the size of the terminals that it has and the distance which is between the two terminals and the kind of material used. We need to just take care of it so that we follow the link below to know more about what is used. The types of the capacitor and its applications also we can see in this article.

An inductor or coil or the choke which is said to be a two-terminal device that is used to build circuits of various types. The main function is that of an inductor that is used to store energy which is in a magnetic field. It is said to consist of a wire that is generally twisted into a coil. When a current which generally flows through this coil is then said to be a temporarily stores it in the coil. An absolute which is said to be an inductor which is said to be equivalent to a short circuit that is for direct current and grants an opposing force that is to alternating current that depends on the current’s frequency. The opposition which is to a flow current which is of an inductor is associated with the frequency that is of the flowing current through it. We can say that sometimes these devices are said to be indicated as the term which are “coils' ' because most of the inductors which are physical for the construction are designed with coiled sections of wire.  We can say that follow the link below to know more about: that is we can say know all about Inductors and Inductance Calculation.

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Conductor vs Inductor

The Uses of Capacitor 

  • The very high Voltage of the electrolytic capacitor is used in supplies of the power.

  • An electrolysis that is said to be axial Electrolytic capacitor is used in a lower voltage which is smaller in size for general-purpose which is where huge capacitance principles are needed.

  • The high voltage that is of the disk capacitor which is of the ceramic is a small in the size & the value that is of capacitance and excellent tolerance that is of characteristics.

  • The Metalized that is of the polypropylene capacitor is a small size for the values which is up to 2µF and good reliability.

  • The surface that is said to be a mount capacitor is relatively the capacitor which is high for size attained by several layers. In fact we can say that there are numerous capacitors in the parallel.

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The Uses of Inductor 

  • The inductors that are generally said to be extensively used in AC applications like we can say that TV, radio, etc.

  • The Chokes – The main property which is of an inductor is used in the supply of power supply circuits that is where mains of the AC supply desires to be changed to a DC supply.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Explain why use an inductor instead of a capacitor?

The term which is that capacitors generally preserve voltage too by storing energy that is in an field of  electric that is whereas inductors preserve the current by storing energy that is in a magnetic field. One of the results of this is that while we can say that the capacitors conduct best at higher frequencies that is said to be  inductors conduct best at lower frequencies.

2. Explain what are the differences between the capacitor and inductor in an ac circuit?

We can say that one of the main differences which is between a capacitor and an inductor that is a capacitor generally opposes a change which is in voltage while an inductor opposes a change which is in the current. Furthermore we can say that the inductor generally stores energy as well in the form of a magnetic field. and we can say that the capacitor generally stores energy in the form of an electric field.

3. Explain what is inductance and capacitance?

The term that is capacitance as we now know that is said to be the ability to store energy which is in the form of an electric field. The inductance which is said to be measured in henries and is denoted by the letter that is L. This is the ability to store energy which is in the form of a magnetic field. The  Current which is carrying wires is said to generate a circular magnetic field.

4. Explain why the inductor is not used in DC?

The term which is inductors are just a coil of wire which is in a DC circuit they do nothing. We can say that in an AC circuit the inductor generally acts like a term which we have learned that is a resistor, the resistance which generally changes with the frequency. The capacitors which are in the opposite. In a DC we can say that it can do the circuit that is the block current.

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