Difference between Heredity and Inheritance

Introduction: Heredity and Inheritance

Heredity, the amount of all biological processes which transmit particular characteristics from the parents to their offspring. The principle of heredity encompasses two apparently paradoxical statements concerning organisms: a species ' constancy from generation to generation, and the variance within a community between individuals. Constancy and variability are in fact two sides of the same coin, as is evident in the genetics research. Both facets of inheritance can be clarified by chromosomes, the functional units of genetic material found in all living cells.

Inheritance, also called inheritance, on the death of the owner, the devolution of property on one successor or heirs. Also, the word inheritance means the land itself. In modern society, the law regulates the process in minute detail. The related section is usually called the law of succession in the Civil Law of continental European style. It was customary in Anglo - American common law to differentiate between immovable descent and personal land distribution. The rules applicable to the two types of property were fused, but no specific, general name has yet been universally accepted.

This article provides you the brief notes of the difference between heredity and inheritance for NEET preparation.

Difference between Heredity and Inheritance in Biology


  • Asexual or sexual reproduction has the effect of transmitting characteristics from parents to offspring. Heredity is a phenomenon and also referred to as vertical transmission

  • Offsprings receive genetic data from parents

  • As a result, differences between entities will accumulate allowing species to adapt hence the evolution by selection

  • Father sperms and mother's egg fuse to form a zygote. It involves genetic data from both parents.

  • Traits might be hair colour, eye colour, intellect, skin complexion, height, something

  • In evolution, genetics is the study of heredity.


  • Inheritance is the transition of genetic information from parent to child

  • Information is passed on by the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) found in the sex cells in the form of chemical codes.

  • The value of chromosomal variability is descent.

  • Chromosomes, succession engines, pass on genetic material

  • -gamete of the opposite sex engages in sexual reproduction in the form of genetic material contributing attributes

  • The genetic diseases such as haemophilia are manifestations of inheritance

  • Traits manifest themselves in the offspring after which they are passed on to the next generation.

  • The person obtains the acquired traits in his / her lifetime. Which arise in the somatic cells of the body as a result of changes in lifestyle, loss of body parts, misuse of body parts, injury etc. Those changes are not passed to the next generation.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Inheritance in biology?

Heritage is the mechanism through which genetic information is transmitted from parent to child. Inheritance explains how genetic material is passed from parent to child.

2. Is inheritance the same as Genetics?

"Inherited is a word used by everyone to identify characteristics which are transmitted through genetics from parent to child. Often, it's confused with the word "familial," which sometimes means the same to people.

3. What is the Best Definition of Heredity?

Heredity is the evolutionary process that is responsible for transferring physical traits from one generation to the next.

4. What are the 5 Patterns of Inheritance?

Single - gene disorders have five basic inheritance modes: autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X - linked dominant, X - linked recessive, and mitochondrial.

Genetic heterogeneity is a widespread phenomenon that involves both single-gene and complex multi-factor diseases.