CBSE Class 7 Social Science (Our Environment) NCERT Solutions 2022-23

VSAT 2022

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science (Our Environment) - Free PDF Download

Geography is a scoring subject. It deals with the study of places and relationships between people and their surroundings. It is a very fascinating subject. You become more aware of your surroundings and can articulate events around you. It is not a difficult subject but might seem long for a few students. Therefore, it is advisable to start your preparations early. NCERT textbooks are the standard textbooks prescribed by the CBSE board and should be followed religiously. Therefore, do not accumulate a lot of reference books and study materials. Start your preparations with the NCERT textbook. Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions Class 7 Geography covers all the topics in your NCERT textbook. Go through these solutions to get the answers to all the questions in your NCERT Geography textbook

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography Our Environment to educate the learners about the components of the environment and the importance of it.  The chapter includes the structure inside the earth, how the earth is changing and also presents brief details about components like air, water, wildlife, human-environment etc. The solutions will not only help you in a proper understanding of the subject but also guide you to remember the answers. The materials are prepared with great care by Vedantu.

You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths and NCERT Solution for Class 7 Science to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. Every NCERT Solution PDF will strengthen your exam preparation effortlessly.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science (Geography) - Chapter-wise List

Given below are the chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science (Geography) Our Environment . These solutions are provided by the Social Science experts at Vedantu in a detailed manner. Go through these chapter-wise solutions to be thoroughly familiar with the concepts.

Class 7 Social Science NCERT Textbook Solutions - Free PDF download

CBSE Class 7 Social Science Geography: in a Nutshell

Here, we will try to give brief understandings of all the chapters of Our Environment class 7 solutions

List of Important Topics Under  NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 1 - Environment 

What is Environment?

Natural Environment

Human-made Environment 

What is an ecosystem?

Chapter 1: Environment

The environment is a very important chapter in class 7 Our Environment. All the living and non-living objects surrounding us compose the environment together. Physical, chemical and other natural forces are included in the above-mentioned living and non-living objects. The interaction between biotic components with the abiotic ingredients maintains the equilibrium of nature. The environment is broadly classified into two portions namely Natural Environment and the Human Environment. Students will learn about the environment and various components of the environment, they will learn about an ecosystem and its constituents. It is an important chapter since the terms will be used repetitively in further chapters. It is advisable that students pay attention while studying this chapter. Remember all the terms and their applications. Identify the keywords and use them properly in your answers to score high in the exams. You will get to learn about human interactions with their surroundings. How the environment shapes the lives of the people and how it affects them on a daily basis is discussed in this chapter. 

List of Important Topics Under  NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 2 - Inside Our Earth

Interior of the Earth

Rocks and Minerals in Earth

Chapter 2: Inside Our Earth

This chapter deals with the constituents of our earth. It is fascinating to learn about things that lie under the surface of the Earth. This chapter teaches you about the types of rocks and their backgrounds. This chapter also discusses the different kinds of minerals found on our earth. The best way to understand geography is to relate it to your surroundings. If you observe your surroundings, you will discover a lot of examples that you find in your textbook. Read this chapter thoroughly to understand the different terms. Download the NCERT Solutions from the official website of Vedantu and start your preparations. The following topics are covered in the Inside Our Earth chapter, a very significant one as far as the NCERT Our Environment class 7 is concerned.

  • Interior of the Earth

  • Rocks and Minerals

  • Types of Rocks

  • Types of Minerals

You must know the planet vividly in which you are living. And Social Science Our Environment Class 7 solutions help you do that in an enjoyable way.

List of Important Topics Under  NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3 - Our Changing Earth

Plates in Earth

Major Land Forms

Work of a River

Work of Sea wave

Work of Ice 

Work of Wind

Chapter 3: Our Changing Earth

This is one of the most important Science chapters of Class 7. The movement of Earth, the relation of movement of Earth to the force, reasons behind an earthquake, the meaning of the terms volcano, focus, epicentre etc are explained in the chapter in a detailed manner. Many events that occur above and beneath the earth’s surface shape the geography of a particular location. You will learn about exogenic and endogenic forces. You will also learn about erosion and weathering. The mountains, hills, soil, water, etc. are all results of different events that took place and led to a particular landscape. This is an important chapter in your book and you must understand this chapter thoroughly. Download the NCERT Solutions from the official website of Vedantu and start practicing questions. You will find the best solutions in these resources which will help you to score high in your exams.

The concepts of sea waves, river, ice etc are also described in this chapter. Chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography carries high marks in the exam. 

List of Important Topics Under  NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 - Air

Composition of the Atmosphere

Structure of the Atmosphere

Weather and Climate

Chapter 4: Air

The blending of gases that creates the earth’s atmosphere goes by the generic name of air. The basic ingredient of air is nitrogen, blended with oxygen, water, vapour, argon, and carbon dioxide and other trace gases. Air is the most necessary component for all living beings. Chapter 4 of CBSE class 7 Social Science Geography perfectly explains the composition of the atmosphere, the construction of atmosphere, weather and climate.

List of Important Topics Under  NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 5 - Water 

Source of Water in Earth

Distribution of Water Bodies

Ocean Circulation

Ocean Currents

Chapter 5: Water

Water is the most essential substance on Earth. Water is required by all plants and animals to survive. Safe drinking water is known as potable water. In this chapter, the distribution of water, circulation of water, tides, waves, ocean currents are discussed. Water continuously changes from place to place. It circulates between lands, oceans, and the atmosphere. It is present in various forms all around the Earth and it affects the geography and lifestyle of people. NCERT class 7 Geography Solutions contains all the answers to the questions in your NCERT Textbook in very simple language.

List of Important Topics Under  NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 6 - Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Forests and Its Types

Grasslands and its types

Chapter 6: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

The most important portion of the biosphere where plants and animals survive naturally in a particular region is termed as the natural vegetation. Natural vegetation which covers the forests and grasslands depends on the topography and climatic conditions of a place and influences the wildlife and the lifestyle of the people in general. 

List of Important Topics Under  NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 -  Human Environment – Settlement, Transport, and Communication

Settlements of people around the world

Transports used by people


Chapter 7: Human-Environment – Settlement, Transport and Communication

In the Our Environment class 7 solutions chapter 7 various sections related to settlement and its forms, various types of transport and services, types of communications etc are described. 

List of Important Topics Under  NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 8 -  Human Environment Interactions – The Tropical and the Subtropical Region

Life in the Amazon Basin


Rainforests and People in Rainforest

Life in the Ganda Brahmaputra Basin

Chapter 8: Human-Environment Interactions the Tropical and Subtropical Regions

Life of people in various natural regions of the world is covered in this chapter. For example, how are the life of people in the Amazon basin and rainforests, what do they survive on, their interaction with the wildlife, and so on. You also get to learn about the human-environment interactions in other tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 

List of Important Topics Under NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 9 - Life in the Desert 

The Hot Desert - Sahana : People and Flora Fauna

The Cold Desert - Ladakh: People and Flora Fauna

Chapter 9: Life in the Deserts

NCERT Class 7 Social Science Geography introduces you to life in the deserts. Here the environment is very much hostile both for the plants and the animals. Desert is a piece of barren land divided into two categories namely hot desert and the cold desert.

Our Environment NCERT class 7 Geography as prepared by Vedantu includes summaries and question-answers from all these chapters in a vivid manner. You can get all your doubts cleared from this.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Other Text Books PDF Download

Why Should You Choose NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography by Vedantu?

  • It is one of the best study materials for Geography, prepared by experienced subject matter experts.

  • The subtopics and questions are discussed following the NCERT guidelines.

  • You can access the material easily from the official website of Vedantu - completely free of cost.

  • The solutions are designed in such a way that they meet the demands of CBSE students.

There is no alternative to thoroughly memorising the textbook contents by heart and practising them as much as possible. Chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography covers all the points most accurately. Studying the book and solving the learning material will surely fetch you good grades that you yearn for.

Tips to Prepare Class 7 Social Science Geography:

  • This subject might be difficult for some students. But once you start studying and connecting it with examples around you, you will have fun with the subject. Therefore, start studying geography as early as you can.

  • Give sufficient time every day. Be consistent with your efforts. 

  • Solve all the questions in your NCERT textbook. NCERT textbook is the standard book prescribed by the CBSE therefore it is important to give the highest priority to this book. Once you are clear with all the concepts in this book, you can move to other reference books. Sometimes, questions are directly asked from your NCERT textbook. Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions contains answers to all the questions in your NCERT textbook. 

  • Go through the solutions and identify the topics or concepts you might have missed. This way you can find out your weak points and work on them.

  • Prepare short notes while studying the subject. You can also refer to Vedantu’s short notes which compile all the important concepts in one place and make it easier for you to revise.  

FAQs on CBSE Class 7 Social Science (Our Environment) NCERT Solutions 2022-23

1. What do you mean by an ecosystem as mentioned in the NCERT solutions for class 7 Geography?

The ecosystem is defined as the system created by the communication among all living organisms and the physical and chemical factors of the surroundings in which they survive. Everything in the ecosystem is connected by the transfer of energy and mass. We all are parts of the ecosystem and components of multiple food chains. 

2. What are exogenic and endogenic forces as you find in NCERT solutions class 7 Geography?

The forces that operate from within the interior of the earth are termed as the endogenic forces. Example- earthquake, the formation of the mountains. The forces that operate on the surface of the earth are known as exogenic forces. Example- the moon’s tidal force, the erosive force of wind, glaciers, etc. Endogenic and exogenic forces comprise one of the most significant topics of the Changing of Earth chapter.

3. What do you mean by ‘Ocean Circulation’ in Class 7 Geography?

You must have noticed the continuous movement of water in the ocean. Unlike ponds, water in an ocean never stays still. This perpetual movement or circulation of ocean water is known as ocean circulation. These movements are broadly classified into three categories, which are as follows:

  • Tides

  • Waves

  • Currents

The reason why these movements occur is because of the variations in temperature, seawater density, salinity, and wind direction.

4. How many chapters are there in Class 7 Geography?

Class 7 Geography is divided into nine chapters. NCERT Book of Class 7 Geography ‘Our Environment’ covers chapters like Environment, Air, Water, Natural Vegetation, Wildlife Human Environment, and many more. The chapters prescribed in the Geography syllabus for Class 7 aims to provide the students with the basic knowledge about our environment and surroundings, components of the environment, wildlife, human-environment, etc. They provide precise and sufficient information about our planet.

5. What type of questions can I find in NCERT Solutions?

When it comes to comprehensive study, it is always advisable to look for NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography. The NCERT solutions are available free of cost on the Vedantu website ( and the Vedantu app as well. You will find here a variety of questions and their detailed answers. NCERT ensures that students' subjective knowledge is not only improved but that their objective and logical thinking abilities are also improved. They provide short and long answer type questions, reasoning questions, match the following, true or false, and many more.

6. Where to find the Class 7 Geography Textbook in PDF format?

Well, if you are looking for a Class 7 Geography Textbook in PDF format, we heartily welcome you to the website of Vedantu ( It becomes a matter of concern as to which book one should refer to prepare for exams. And what else can be even better than the NCERT Textbook itself? At Vedantu, you can freely access these books and download them for future purposes. 

7. Why should I download NCERT Books in PDF format? 

We are living in a digital world that has made a lot of things easier for us. When it comes to the books we read today, many students prefer to use eBooks. In comparison, eBooks are more convenient and portable than large volumes of books. You may obtain all of the NCERT Books at one place and access them at any time and from any location.

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