Even in the most advanced mathematical theories, the four fundamental mathematical operations - addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division - are applied. Thus, one of the keys to understanding math and, especially, algebra is to master these mathematical operations. The opposite of addition is subtraction. We're separating one quantity from another instead of adding two quantities (numbers). Subtraction can also represent the elimination or decrease of physical and abstract quantities using various types of artifacts, including negative numbers, fractions, irrational numbers, vectors, decimals, functions, and matrices, while mainly associated with natural numbers in arithmetic.
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What are the Three Sections of Subtraction?
There are three sections of a subtraction equation- the minuend, the subtrahend, and the gap.
Minuend - The minuend definition is, it is the highest number, or the sum, from which a component would be deducted.
Subtrahend - The meaning of subtrahend is the portion of the minuend that is excluded.
Difference - This is the section that after subtraction is left-over.
Minuend − Subtrahend = difference
Minuend has been taken from the Latin word “ minuendus” which means a value that has to be diminished or lessened. It is the quantity from which another quantity is to be deducted, in subtraction. In equation: a - b = c, the minuend is a. In subtraction minuend is the first number from which a value is subtracted or lessened.
53247 - 823, where 53247 is the minuend.
34 - 12, in this case, 34 is the minuend.
x - y, in this case, the first number “x” is the minuend from which “y” is being subtracted.
Since we know what is the first value in subtraction known as let us find out what is the second value, that is the value being subtracted known as.
Meaning of Subtrahend
The number that you want to deduct. The second number in a subtraction sentence is Subtrahend. To get the difference, it is subtracted from the minute. In the vertical method of subtraction or the column method, the amount above the gap is subtracted. The subtrahend is normally smaller than the minuend in the column subtraction process.
53247 - 823, where 823 is the subtrahend.
34 - 12, in this case, 12 is the subtrahend.
x - y, in this case, the first number “y” is the subtrahend which is subtracted from “x”.
Since we have understood subtrahend and minuend meaning, let us attempt some examples, to understand the topic properly.
Q. Find the minuend in 43 - 5.
Ans: According to the minuend meaning, the value that comes first in subtraction or the value from which deduction is done is known as minuend.
Therefore, 43 is the minuend.
Q. Find the subtrahend in 534 - 432.
Ans: According to the definition of subtrahend, the value that comes second in subtraction or the value which is deducted is known as a subtrahend.
Therefore, 432 is the subtrahend.
Q. Find the minuend and subtrahend in 1000 - 909.
Ans: According to the definitions of both minuend and subtrahend, 1000 is the minuend, the value from which subtraction is done is 1000, and 900 is the subtrahend, the value deducted.