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What is a Minuend?

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Even in the most advanced mathematical theories, the four fundamental mathematical operations - addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division - are applied. Thus, one of the keys to understanding math and, especially, algebra is to master these mathematical operations. The opposite of addition is subtraction. We're separating one quantity from another instead of adding two quantities (numbers). Subtraction can also represent the elimination or decrease of physical and abstract quantities using various types of artifacts, including negative numbers, fractions, irrational numbers, vectors, decimals, functions, and matrices, while mainly associated with natural numbers in arithmetic.


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What are the Three Sections of Subtraction?

There are three sections of a subtraction equation- the minuend, the subtrahend, and the gap.

  • Minuend - The minuend definition is, it is the highest number, or the sum, from which a component would be deducted.

  • Subtrahend - The meaning of subtrahend is the portion of the minuend that is excluded.

  • Difference - This is the section that after subtraction is left-over.

Minuend − Subtrahend = difference


Define Minuend

Minuend has been taken from the Latin word “ minuendus” which means a value that has to be diminished or lessened. It is the quantity from which another quantity is to be deducted, in subtraction. In equation: a - b = c, the minuend is a. In subtraction minuend is the first number from which a value is subtracted or lessened.


Examples:

  1. 53247 - 823, where 53247 is the minuend.

  2. 34 - 12, in this case, 34 is the minuend.

  3. x - y, in this case, the first number “x” is the minuend from which “y” is being subtracted.

Since we know what is the first value in subtraction known as let us find out what is the second value, that is the value being subtracted known as.


Meaning of Subtrahend

The number that you want to deduct. The second number in a subtraction sentence is Subtrahend. To get the difference, it is subtracted from the minute. In the vertical method of subtraction or the column method, the amount above the gap is subtracted. The subtrahend is normally smaller than the minuend in the column subtraction process.


Examples:

  1. 53247 - 823, where 823 is the subtrahend.

  2. 34 - 12, in this case, 12 is the subtrahend.

  3. x - y, in this case, the first number “y” is the subtrahend which is subtracted from “x”.

Since we have understood subtrahend and minuend meaning, let us attempt some examples, to understand the topic properly.


Solved Examples

Q. Find the minuend in 43 - 5.

Ans: According to the minuend meaning, the value that comes first in subtraction or the value from which deduction is done is known as minuend.

Therefore, 43 is the minuend.


Q. Find the subtrahend in 534 - 432.

Ans: According to the definition of subtrahend, the value that comes second in subtraction or the value which is deducted is known as a subtrahend.

Therefore, 432 is the subtrahend.


Q. Find the minuend and subtrahend in 1000 - 909.

Ans: According to the definitions of both minuend and subtrahend, 1000 is the minuend, the value from which subtraction is done is 1000, and 900 is the subtrahend, the value deducted.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Main Minuend Subtrahend Difference?

Ans: The result of the subtraction of one number from another is the difference. Although we sometimes speak about variations in how things look, sound, or even taste, it reveals in math how much two numbers vary in quantity from each other. So, the difference, when subtracted from another, is what is left of one number. There are four main parts of the subtraction sentence: the subtrahend, the minuend, an equal sign, and the difference.


The major subtrahend minuend difference is the value that undergoes subtraction is minuend and subtrahend is the value that is being subtracted from the minuend.

2. What does Difference Mean in the Case of Mathematics?

Ans: The product of the subtraction of one number from another is the difference. Although we sometimes speak about variations in how things look, sound, or even taste, it reveals in math how much two numbers vary in quantity from each other.


So, the difference, when subtracted from another, is what is left of one number. Three components occur in a subtraction equation:

The minuend (the number being subtracted from)

Subtrahend (the number being subtracted)

The Difference (the result of subtracting the subtrahend from the minuend)

It would look like this if it were written in the form of a subtraction equation:

Minuend - Subtrahend = Difference

3. How to Write Subtraction Sentence?

Ans: A subtraction number sentence is an equation that shows a number with a final answer, like the example above, being subtracted from another number. The first number in the sentence for a subtraction number is the minute. Subtrahend is the second number in a subtraction number phrase. The solution to a problem with subtraction is called the difference. We use the subtraction symbol '-' to write subtracts in math. The subtraction symbol is also often referred to as a minus sign, meaning that we deduct the number on the right from the number on the left. The start of our number phrase can be written as '8-3', which is faster than saying 'eight subtract three'.

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