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Ammonium Acetate Formula

Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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What is Ammonium Acetate Chemical Formula?

Ammonium acetate is a white crystalline solid, which was formed when ammonia reacts with acetic acid.  Ammonium acetate is also called ammonium ethanoate, azanium acetate. Ammonium acetate is also the spirit of mindererus in an aqueous solution. The uses of Ammonium acetate are predominant in chemical analysis, such as pharmaceutical industry, preservative in food processing industries, and various other industries. Ammonium acetate can also be used as a buffer substance in tropical personal care and manufacturing cosmetic products including shampoos, skin lotions, conditioners...etc. The IUPAC name: CH3COONH4 chemical name of ammonium acetate

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Ammonium Acetate Molecular Formula

Ammonium Acetate salt is the combination of a weak base and a weak acid. But, mostly ammonium acetate is used as acetic acid for creating a buffer solution. The chemical components of the ammonium acetate are volatile at low temperatures. So, they are used to replace non-volatile salts with cell buffers during the preparation of chemical samples. The molecular weight of ammonium acetate is about 77.083 g/mol. The density of ammonium acetate stays from 1.17 g/cm3 (20 °C)  to 1.073 g/cm3 (25 °C). The chemical formula for ammonium acetate is NH4CH3CO2.

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Why Ammonium Acetate is Buffer? 

Ammonium acetate can produce by neutralizing acetic acid with the ammonium carbonate. Or else, they can produce by saturating glacial acetic acid with ammonia. The production of crystalline ammonium acetate is difficult as the ammonium acetate has hygroscopic nature. 

Ammonium acetate is a salt, it is a combination of a weak acid and a weak base. But, ammonium acetate is usually used as acetic acid to create a buffer solution. As the ammonium acetate is volatile at low pressure, they are used for replacing cell buffers with non-volatile salts for preparing samples at mass spectrometry.  The ammonium acetate is a popular buffer solution for mobile phases for HPLC with ELSD detection. Other volatile salts are also used for the ammonium formate. 

Uses of Ammonium Acetate 

  • Ammonium acetate is unstable at low temperatures. 

  • Ammonium acetate is the biodegradable de-icing agent.

  • Ammonium acetate is widely used in manufacturing explosives.

  • Ammonium Acetate is used for making foam rubber.

  • Ammonium acetate is used as food preservatives and acidity regulators in food.

  • Ammonium Acetates are unitized in agricultural products.

  • Ammonium Acetate plays a vital role in manufacturing vinyl plastics.

  • Components of ammonium acetates have a predominant role in pharmaceutical industries. 

FAQs on Ammonium Acetate Formula

1. Is Ammonium Acetate Acidic or Basic?

Ans: Acetate is a weak base whereas, ammonium is a weak acid. As per the rule of nature, when a weak base acetate and weak acid ammonium are dissolved in pure water, the acid and base get balances and they result to form a neutral pH solution. 

2. What is Unique About Ammonium Acetate?

Ans: Ammonium acetate, a form of ammonium salt obtained from the reaction of ammonia with acetic acid.  Ammonium acetate is a deliquescent white crystalline solid salt with a relatively low melting point of about 114℃. It is termed acetate salt and ammonium salt. The ammonium acetate is widely used as an acidity regulator in food, but this is not approved by the European Union.

3. What is Ammonium Acetate Used For?

Ans: Ammonium acetate is widely used in food materials to change or control the acidity or alkalinity of foods. They are also used as a catalyst in the  Knoevenagel condensation procedure. During the Borch reaction organic synthesis, the ammonium acetate serves as one of the best sources of ammonia.