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Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication

Last updated date: 29th Feb 2024
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Human Settlement Information and Environment

Human settlement in that place, particularly where the people live their livelihood. Human settlement refers to the totality of the human community which involves the social, material, organizational, spiritual, and cultural elements that sustain within it. Any form of human dwelling, be it the smallest house to the largest city, the group of people that reside and pursue their life goals, are to be understood as settlement. Human settlements are of different forms, which can be permanent or temporary, rural or urban, mobile or sedentary, disseminated or in agglomerated form. 

Human Environment Settlement Transport and Communication 

Settlements are those places where people build their own homes. A human can settle in those places on a permanent or temporary basis. With settling in the places, the people are required to move from one place to another for trade here comes the definition of Transport. 

Transport is the means of traveling which is made convenient for the people to move from one place to another. The four main means of transport are – the roadways, the railways, the waterways, and the airways. 

After the transport comes the communication system which is another important facet of a settlement. Communication is the streamlined process of conveying any message to others. Mass media means communicating with the mass of people through newspapers, radio, or television.

Settlement Definition Geography 

In geographical definition, a settlement is a place where people live and conduct their livelihood. Settlements may be small as a single house in a remote or a distant location or it can be an area as large as a megacity (where over 10 million residents reside together).

A settlement can be both permanent or temporary settlement. An example of a temporary settlement is a refugee camp, used by armies. However, a temporary settlement may also become a permanent settlement over time. This has happened to many refugee camps which have been built in conflict zones.

Temporary Settlement examples can be cities and towns, where the families can stay for years with their families. 

Settlements are usually developed to perform a specific function. For example, the settlement in  Southampton is for conducting port functions.

Early Man Communication

Early Man uses the following to communicate better: 

  • Early Handwritten Documents/Books

  • Printing Press

  • Letter Writing and the Postman

  • Telegraph

  • Telephone

  • Radio

  • Photography

Ancient Means of Transport Pictures

House Boat

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Hath Rickshaw

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Gauge Trains

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Types of Settlement in Geography

Classification of the settlements in Geography:

Settlements can be classified according to their pattern, size, and housing density. They are also to be classified according to the functions which they perform.

  • Classified according to the pattern: There are 5 types of settlement classified according to their pattern - isolated, dispersed, nucleated, and linear.

  • Classification according to size and housing density: According to Size and Housing density:

Rural settlements are small houses and have low housing and population densities.
Urban settlements are the larger houses and have many houses built close to each other.

  • A farmstead is the two or more homesteads that usually are dispersed in farmland.

  • A hamlet is made up of several dispersed, nucleated, or linear homesteads with local shops, schools, or other service centers that are occupied by few hundreds of persons.

  • A village, which is like a hamlet, may be dispersed, nucleated, or both.

  • Towns are urban settlements are of up to several thousand persons. Houses are built together and the emphasis is more on secondary and tertiary rather than on the primary occupation. 

  • Cities are the major towns of a country, where the major state capitals have administrative functions. 

  • A conurbation that grows when two or more towns or parts of those towns have grown and joined together to form a big urban area of 1 million persons or its whereabouts. 

  • Megapolis is the several cities or conurbations which have grown around the years and which have joined together to form a large sprawling urban settlement. 

FAQs on Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication

1. How Human Settlement Affects the Environment?

Ans. Human settlements affect the environment in quite significant ways. The growing population raises the need for water, food, land, and other natural resources. Also, electricity and a system of sewage disposal are absorbed by the human population. In both the rural and urban settlements, the needs can put stress on the air, water, and soil, making them scarce.  The great effects of the settlement can also lead to unevenness in the floor. The settlement will also disturb the telephone, sanitary, and electricity lines. With differential settlement at the structure's bottom, the limit should not exceed the value given by the 75% of normal settlement which is allowed.

2. What is Meant By Sedentary?

Ans. A sedentary lifestyle is a typical lifestyle that involves little or does not involve at all physical activity. A person who lives in a sedentary lifestyle is often sitting or lying down while engaged in an activity like socializing via social channels, watching television, playing video games, using the mobile phone, reading books. This is a common lifestyle of the youth nowadays. A sedentary lifestyle leads to ill health and other preventable causes of death.  

3. How Does Photography Help in Communication?

Ans. Photography can be the easiest medium to communicate which helps people to communicate much effectively, photography communicates by finding beautiful moments and important social messages in their entire day-to-day life. The artist who can change the world’s perspective through the medium of photographic communication, promote the changes in the way that others can see.