When we consider how fast or slow a body moves, we encounter the concept of velocity. We somehow associate body displacement with time spent in such displacement. This type of relationship is manifested as instantaneous speed. We will learn about instantaneous speed and the instantaneous speed formula in this chapter.
What is Speed?
Let’s know what speed is! Speed is defined as the rate at which an object's position changes over time. An object's speed can change as it moves. The speed of an object at a given point in time is referred to as its instantaneous speed. If the position is a function of time, the speed is determined by the change in position as time passes.
As the change in time becomes small, the instantaneous speed can be found. Finding the limit of the position function as the change in time approaches zero is required to calculate the instantaneous speed.
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It is the rate at which an object's distance changes with respect to time. The speed unit is metres per second (m/s).
Formula of Instantaneous Speed
Instantaneous speed (v) = distance/ time
v = limit as change in time approaches zero (change in position/ change in time)
The instantaneous speed is never less than or equal to zero. A scalar quantity is instantaneous speed. The instantaneous speed of uniform motion is constant. In other words, the magnitude of instantaneous velocity can be defined as at any given time is the magnitude of instantaneous speed at that time. As the time interval becomes very small, instantaneous speed becomes a limit of average speed.
How Do You Measure Instantaneous Speed?
Instantaneous vs. Average
When a cop pulls you over for speeding, she measures your car's instantaneous speed, or the speed at a specific point in time as it speeds down the road. 'Instantaneous' is derived from the word 'instant,' which refers to a single moment.
This differs from your trip's average speed, which takes into account how long it took to complete the entire journey as well as the distance travelled. Be cautious: measuring average speed assumes you moved at roughly the same speed throughout the trip.
To compute instantaneous speed, divide a portion of the total distance travelled by time.
Difference Between Instantaneous Speed and Instantaneous Velocity