The story of Palampur deals with a few fundamental concepts regarding production, and that has been depicted through a hypothetical village named Palampur. In the first part, you will get an introduction to the village, all the places that are connected to it, transport system, number of families, etc.
As this story progresses, you will get a hold of the production part, different concepts regarding that, a few instances excerpted from the villages and also the process of farming.
In this story, it is mentioned that Palampur has around 450 families and people residing there are from different caste and creeds. Those people are solely dependent on farming, and around 80 families from the upper caste possess the maximum portion of land in that village.
All the tube wells are connected with electricity and are used in small businesses, different kinds of transports are available as well, there is a health care centre for any sort of primary emergency, houses have sufficient electricity as well.
Since small businesses require electricity on a daily basis, the Government takes enough care of this part to make it convenient for those small business owners. All these instances like sufficient electricity, ease in transportation, health care centre and a private dispensary to help these villagers, etc. have made Palampur quite well-developed.
In this story, production requirements have been mentioned along with all the resources. It requires getting the work done. In terms of production requirements, there are four factors that matter, such as land, labour, physical capital, and enterprise, and among them, the most important factor remains land.
All the natural resources such as water, minerals, forests are also part of the first factor and mandatory to keep the production going. In the case of labour, depending upon the type of work, one may require hard working labourers or highly educated people to finish that specific task. And, the third requirement being physical capital, it includes all kinds of capital such as fixed capitals like tools, buildings, machines, etc., working capital like money and raw materials, etc.
Apart from all these, this production process also requires proper knowledge, and enterprise to utilise all these resources and make something worthy. In the story of village Palampur Class 9, all of these important factors of production have been elaborated, including the human capital, which is equally vital.
In the village of Palampur Class 9, you can find this story revolving around different kinds of production activities, such as farming and non-farming activities. Farming is the main activity one can witness here as the majority of people depend on this for a sustainable living. However, there are some non-farming activities mentioned as well, like small-scale manufacturing (for instance weaving, pottery), transport, dairy, etc.
Even though agricultural areas are limited, farmers have managed to make fair use of those small portions, and barren land has been developed for this purpose as well. Over the years, multiple changes have been made in order to improve the concept of farming and that have helped the cultivators to produce crops even in that limited amount of land. From the story of village Palampur images, one can get a hold of all these important aspects of farm activities.
Some changes that have helped the farming process grow are-
Multiple-cropping farming which involves growing one crop within a year on a particular agricultural area.
Inculcating modern farming methods to make it easier for the farmers.
In the later part of the story of village Palampur, one can come across the Green revolution, which was initially considered as a turning point. This phase also made an impact on the agricultural lands due to the excessive use of chemical fertilisers. Soil fertility was hampered due to this, even use of groundwater for tube well irrigation also impacted the water-table and reduced it below the ground.
1. Where Do the Farmers Arrange the Capital Needed in Farming From?
Ans. The capital required in farming is arranged from various places that the cultivators find convenient. For most small farmers, it is the moneylenders, large farmers, and traders that come to the rescue. Also, medium and large farmers usually depend on their own savings to establish their farming.
According to the story of village Palampur summary, the maximum amount of fund is required to buy essentials like fertilisers, seeds, pesticides, etc. In order to arrange those funds farmers usually avoid taking informal loans as the rate of interest for those is relatively higher. Although, with so many new agricultural schemes by the Government, farmers can get loans from banks at an affordable interest rate.
2. How is Land Distributed Between the Farmers in this Story of Palampur Class 9?
Ans. As the story suggests, Palampur has 450 families from different caste and creeds, and out of those people, the Dalits and some other backward castes do not even own land. Nearly 240 families from that total possess plots that are less than 2 hectares in size which clearly shows that their income from that agricultural property is very poor. Only 60 families who are medium and large farmers can own more than 2 hectares of land.
3. Why was the Green Revolution Marked as a Turning Point for the Agricultural Industry?
Ans. Back in 1960, farmers witnessed a rise in the production of food crops, and this Green Revolution was the reason behind it. The wheat crop in India was cultivated enormously, and the agricultural industry was earning a massive amount of profit out of it.
Calling this phase a turning point has many reasons, like the growing production of grains, massive stock of all kinds of food items, etc. Since this revolution made the country salt sufficient, growing all these food products was even easier, and later got utilised whenever natural calamities like flood and droughts appeared.