Role of Financial Institution and Asian Development Bank

Functions of Asian Development Bank

The Asian Development Bank assists with grants, loans, technical assistance, and equity investments to its developing member countries, the private sector, and public-private partnerships to promote development. Policy dialogues are frequently facilitated by the ADB, and advisory services are given. They also use co-financing operations which while assisting, tap several government, industrial, and export credit sources.


General Features of Financial institutions

Financial institutions are referred to as an enterprise that operates in all forms of companies related to finance. They are distinct from banks and play a very important role in broadening the country's financial services. Compared to any government-centric banks, they provide customers with a very attractive rate of return. It deals with loans and advances and also specializes in some fields, such as employment and lease transactions, etc.


Role of Financial Institutions

  • The financial institution offers clients different forms of financial services.

  • A financial institution provides clients with an attractive rate of return.

  • Promotes the consumers' direct investment and helps them realize the risk associated with that as well.

  • It helps to build stock liquidity in the event of an emergency in the financial markets.

Features of Financial Institutions

  • It gives the customers who have invested in the financial institution a high rate of return.

  • This decreases the cost of the financial services supplied.

  • It is considered to be very important for the country's development of financial services.

  • It helps to improvise decision making because all the risks and rewards are calculated according to a systematic approach.

  • Customers are also advised on how to deal with the equity and other securities purchased and sold on the market.

Working of Financial Institutions

In some ways, financial institutions operate like banks. They offer customers loans and advances and even set up a website for customers to make those investments.


Customers receive enticing deals and returns from them, which is why these organizations are becoming famous. It also provides clients with advisory services on their investments.


The financial markets in which the immense amount of risk is involved are linked. Also, clients who hand over their hard-earned funds to such organizations should search for the financial institution's past and roots.


Types of Financial Institutions

  • Investment Banks.

  • Commercial Banks.

  • Internet Banks.

  • Retail Banking.

  • Insurance companies.

  • Mortgage companies.

Functions of Financial Institutions

  • Loans and advances are made available to consumers by financial institutions.

  • The rate of return in the case of investments made in this form of organization is very high.

  • It also provides clients with a highly valued consultancy for their beneficial investments.

  • For their clients, it often acts as a depository.

  • It may also attempt to minimize the company's cost of monitoring.

  • All the work related to finance is performed either by the financial institution or on behalf of the clients.

Advantages of Financial Institutions

  • Financial institutions help to uplift our nation's economies.

  • In terms of return earned by the customers, it is more successful since the rate of return is higher compared to any other place.

  • It is also a smart way to invest money in the financial market and keep the money rotating.

  • It supplies clients with financial services.

  • In financial institutions, repayment facilities are also very well handled.

Disadvantages of Financial Institutions

  • For certain consumers, the method is very complicated because they want to indulge in different companies and end up causing uncertainty for themselves.

  • The clients would have to face significantly worse situations in the event of default by the management of the financial institutions. The cash they invested may not be recovered.

Role of the Asian Development Bank

It was established to promote economic growth and cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region and to contribute to the acceleration of economic development in the region's developing countries. The Bank's fundamental objective is to foster economic and financial cooperation among the regional members. Members are entitled to build projects supported by bank loans. In 28 years of operation, the Bank has become a major catalyst for the development of today's world's most populous and fastest-growing region.


Basic Principle Functions of The Asian Bank

  • Investment in loans and equity for the economic and social advancement of developing the Member States.

  • Provision of technical assistance to prepare and implement development projects and programs and advisory services.

  • Promote public and private capital investment for development purposes.

  • To respond to requests for assistance in coordinating member countries' development policies and plans.

  • The Bank is also required, in its operations, to pay special attention to the needs of smaller or less developed countries and to give priority to regional, sub-regional and national projects and programs that will contribute to the harmonious economic growth of the region as a whole.

Operations of Asian Development Bank

The Bank operates as a viable banking entity that charges capital flows from outside sources to the country (i.e., from non-member countries). Soft loans (i.e. loans at commercial interest rates and longer grace and/or repayment periods) to the poorest nations in the region are provided by the Bank's affiliate, the Asian Development Fund. The Bank's activities cover the entire spectrum of economic developments, with a particular focus on agriculture, electricity, transport, communication, and social infrastructure development of the capital markets Much of the Bank's funding is intended to fund specific projects. Multi-project lending is also provided by the Bank.


The Bank is actively engaged in co-financing activities with sources of official, industrial and export credit. Equity investment operations were also entered into by the Bank.


Resources of Asian Development Bank

In general, loans from ordinary capital resources, which account for 66% of total bank lending, are made to the Member States that have achieved a much greater degree of economic growth. Loans from the Asian Development Fund are rendered to the poorest borrowing nations on extremely concessional terms and almost exclusively. The Bank's financial resources consist of ordinary capital resources, consisting of subscribed capital assets and borrowed funds; and special funds, consisting of Member States' contributions, accrued net income, and sums previously set aside from paid-in capital.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Is Asian Development Bank Supranational or not?

Ans: Supranational is one who is having authority or control that transcends national borders or governments. On Tuesday, in a first, supranational institution, the Asian Development Bank listed its 10-year ⁇ -850 crore masala bond at GIFT City on the India International Exchange's Global Securities Market (GDM). GSM, India INX's primary market platform, has generated significant interest since its inception in 2018 and has developed more than $ 48 billion of medium-term notes and over $ 21 billion of bond listings to date.

2. Is the Asian Development Bank Part of the World Bank?

Ans: In the Pacific, the ADB and the World Bank Group are long-term development partners. The Manila-based ADB focuses on poverty reduction in the Asia-Pacific region through balanced economic development, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. ADB currently has 68 members out of the 31 members at its foundation. The ADB is closely modelled on the World Bank and has a similar weighted voting system in which votes are allocated in proportion to the capital subscriptions of members.

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