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Parts of a Business Letter

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Explanation of Parts of a Business Letter 

A letter is a mode of communication between two or more people or groups, companies, etc. There are various kinds of letters. Let us discuss the business letter and its parts which is one of them. So, what is a business letter? What are the parts of a professional letter? It is a formal letter that helps to maintain communication between the organizations or clients or with employees or customers etc. Whatever matter needs to be conveyed can be done through letters. As the generation becomes electronic, e-letters are used.


A Business Letter is a letter used for transferring messages in a professional way like instructions, requests, orders, queries, answers, offer letters, notices, promotions, etc. It can be sent between the organizations whether it is intra or inter. The business letter has a specific format. Each component of the business letter plays a crucial role. To understand the format of a business letter, it is essential to explain the parts of a business letter in detail.


Components of a Business Letter

The business letter should be in a formal way and convey the content briefly and clearly. Every business letter has 12 parts. Each part of a business letter has to follow some rules and regulations to maintain the business letter. Let's understand each part of a business letter.


Parts of a Business Letter:

As it is clear that the business letter has 12 parts, let us have a glance at each part in detail.


The Heading: It is also known as letterhead. It consists of the name or number or fax number of the writer. Some people may use the address or logo of the organization. As the receiver needs to know who the sender is, this part of the business letter plays a significant role.


Date: Even though it seems to be simple, the letter is incomplete without a date. So we need to write the date on the right-hand side top corner. It helps the receiver to understand when it happened if it is an incident or if it has a deadline to count the remaining days. It is essential in the parts of a professional letter. Of course for any letter.


Reference: It is imperative among all other parts of a professional letter. Usually, the department of an organization or logo, etc. can also be used as a reference. In some cases, the letter-number is also considered as the reference of a formal letter.


The Inside Address: As all the parts of a formal letter are important, the address component is quite remarkable. We need to write on the left side of a formal letter. It includes name, address, contact number, postal code, designation, etc. 


Subject: Another vital component of a business letter is the subject. It refers to the reason for writing a letter to the recipient. The subject should be like a brief statement, specific to the point, eye catchy, understandable, and straightforward.


Salutation: Salutation is also termed as greeting or wishing. Before starting to write the content of the letter, the sender will greet the receiver based on their age and relationship. It may vary from one to another like respected sir, dear, hi, etc.


Body: It is the heart of all the parts of a business letter. It is the main content that a sender needs to convey to the recipient. So it should be clear, straight forward, understanding and also formal. The body of the letter is generally categorized into three parts. They are as follows:


  • Opening Lines: The opening lines should be the introduction of the sender if new and formal greetings and wishes will be there in the first paragraph.


  • Main Content: The sender should write the actual message clearly in a formal way. It should be the main point that needs to be conveyed to the recipient. The message should be proper and complete.


  • Closing Part: It is the ending part of the body. Here the receiver can understand what the sender is expecting, what his action is, or the next step to move, etc. These can be mentioned clearly. The concluding part should be in a polite way. Use some words to please the receiver in this part of a formal letter.


Complimentary Close: It is the concluding part of the whole letter. It depends on the salutation, which is based on the age and relationship of the recipient. It is also written politely. We use it.

Yours sincerely, Yours faithfully, etc. in general.


Signature: While explaining all the parts of a business letter, one should give more stress on this part because a message without a proper signature is not valid. So the signature plays a vital role in the parts of a formal letter. It includes name, contact and designation. We should note that the surname is also essential.


Enclosure: It is a part of a formal letter that may or may not exist for all business letters. It is a process of enclosing the required documents. In the case of applications, invoices, registrations, offer letters, etc., the sender needs to attach the documents to the business letter. It is applicable for both soft copy and hard copy.


Copy Circulation: It is an option used to send to one or more recipients. It is mentioned in the letter with notation C.C. It helps to convey the same message to multiple receivers.


PostScript: It is an additional part of a business letter. It is used to add extra information along with the body of the letter. It is denoted as P.S. 

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These are the components of a business letter. Every part of a formal letter has its significance. Also, the letter may not be complete without any single part. So, one should be cautious about these parts of a business letter while writing because these letters may decide the growth and game of an organization. So we should not take any chance to miss it. The parts of a formal letter create an impression to the receiver if it is adequately presented. It is important to understand all the parts of a business letter correctly, then only make use of them to get success.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is a Letter? What is Its Significance?

Ans: A letter is a mode of communication between two or more people and organizations. It can be transferred between the people either online or offline. A sender can express his message perfectly through these letters as we have different kinds of letters namely formal, informal and semi-formal. Letters are used in many situations, like giving instructions, applications, offer letters, curriculums, congratulating letters, regretting letters and many more. 


Letters pay a vital role in communication. Writing a letter is highly creative. The oral communication may vary from person to person while travelling from sender to receiver. Sometimes the actual content may change completely. But in the case of a written message, the exact message will reach the receiver. The same letter can be sent to multiple receivers. However, the format and the parts of the letter should be in a proper way.

Q2. What is a Business Letter? What are Its Parts?

Ans: Business Letter is a letter that transfers the messages between organizations and personnel of an organization. It should be written politely and may please the recipient. The business letters are formal and professional, which consists of several parts. They are twelve parts of business later. They are headings, date, salutation, address, the body of the message, copy circulation, subject, addresses, place and photo script, etc. complimentary closing, enclosures and signature, etc. Every part of the business letter has its importance. So the presentation of all parts of a business letter is essential.