Tartaric acid is an organic di-carboxylic compound. Its molecular formula is C4H4O6. It is also known as racemic acid. It contains two stereocentres. Its IUPAC name is 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid. It is acidic in nature. Tartaric acid found in many fruits like grapes, tamarinds, banana, and citrus fruits. Tartaric acid is present in many sour vegetables like a tomato.
Structure And Uses of Tartaric Acid
(Image to be added soon)
The tartaric acid molecule exists in three forms:
Neutral bi-acid form
Tartaric acid is a chiral molecule with two carboxylic groups. It naturally occurs in Dextro or Levo form.
(Image to be added soon) Dextro form
(Image to be added soon) Levo form
Properties of Tartaric Acid
It exists in a white granular to crystalline form.
It is an odourless compound.
It has pleasant acidulous taste.
Its melting point is 173.625 degrees celsius.
Its flash point is 210 degrees celsius.
It is soluble in water.
Its molecular mass is 150.087 g/mol.
Its density is 1.79 g/mol.
Tartaric acid is reactive in nature. Example of tartaric acid as a reactive molecule is given below: