Difference Between Solid, Liquid and Gas in Tabular Form

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Everything that occupies space and has mass is called matter. We can see around us that matter exists mainly in three different states – Solid, Liquid and Gas. Chair, chocolate, sugar, eraser, sharpener, pencil etc. around you are all examples of matter in solid state which have definite shape and volume. Honey, water, milk, oil, tea, coffee, cold drink etc. all are examples of matter in liquid state which possess definite volume but no definite shape. Air, oxygen, carbon dioxide etc. all are examples of matter in a gaseous state which possess neither definite shape nor volume. Thus, you can see solid, liquid and gas all types of matter possess different kinds of properties by which we can distinguish them.

Difference Between Solid, Liquid and Gas

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S. No. 

Characteristic 

Solid 

Liquid 

Gas 

1.

Mass 

Definite 

Definite

Definite

2.

Shape 

Definite 

Acquires the shape of the container 

Acquires the shape of the container

3.

Volume 

Definite 

Definite 

Indefinite 

4.

Space between particles (Interparticle space)

Very tightly packed or very close to each other 

Loosely packed 

Very loosely packed 

5.

Kinetic energy of constituent particles 

Least energy 

Higher than solids 

Highest 

6.

Interparticle force of attraction 

Strongest 


Weaker than solids 

Negligible 

7.

Compressibility 

Negligible 

Can be compressed 

Highly compressible 

8.

Fluidity 

Not possible 

Can flow 

Can flow 

9.

Rigidity 

Highly rigid 

Less rigid 

No rigidity 

10.

Diffusion 

Slow or negligible 

Faster than solids 

Very fast 

11.

Density 

Highest 

Lesser than solids 

Least 


This is all about difference between solid, liquid and gas on the basis of their different characteristic properties, if you are looking for detailed study notes on different states of matter or NCERT Solutions for Class IX Science then register yourself on Vedantu or download Vedantu learning app and get access to study notes, NCERT Solutions, revision notes and mock tests.