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CBSE Class 8 Maths

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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An Overview of CBSE Class 8 Maths

CBSE Class 8 Maths is a critical subject that helps build a strong foundation in Mathematics for higher classes. It includes various topics like Algebra, Geometry, Data Handling, etc. The syllabus focuses on developing students' problem-solving and logical thinking skills. NCERT textbook and reference study materials available at Vedantu are recommended for additional practice.

In this article, students can access the CBSE Class 8 Maths syllabus, book, and solutions for free.

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CBSE Class 8 Maths Syllabus

Thoroughly going through the CBSE Class 8 Maths syllabus before studying the subject is crucial for every student as it gives them an idea of all the topics they’ll be learning. This way, they can also plan out their preparation strategy.

Here is the detailed CBSE Class 8 Maths syllabus, which is divided into 16 chapters:

SI. No


Sub Topic


Chapter 1: Rational Numbers

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Properties of Rational Numbers

1.3 Representation of Rational Numbers on the Number Line

1.4 Rational Number between Two Rational Numbers


Chapter 2: Linear Equations in One Variable

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Solving Equations which have Linear Expressions on one Side and Numbers on the other Side

2.3 Some Applications

2.4 Solving Equations having the Variable on both sides

2.5 Some More Applications

2.6 Reducing Equations to Simpler Form

2.7 Equations Reducible to the Linear Form


Chapter 3: Understanding Quadrilaterals

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Polygons

3.3 Some of the Measures of the Exterior Angles of a Polygon

3.4 Kinds of Quadrilaterals

3.5 Some Special Parallelograms


Chapter 4: Practical Geometry

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Constructing a Quadrilateral

4.3 Some Special Cases


Chapter 5: Data Handling

5.1 Looking for Information

5.2 Organising Data

5.3 Grouping Data

5.4 Circle Graph or Pie Chart

5.5 Chance and Probability


Chapter 6: Squares and Square Roots

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Properties of Square Numbers

6.3 Some More Interesting Patterns

6.4 Finding the Square of a Number

6.5 Square Roots

6.6 Square Roots of Decimals

6.7 Estimating Square Root


Chapter 7: Cubes and Cube Roots

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Cubes

7.3 Cubes Roots


Chapter 8: Comparing Quantities

8.1 Recalling Ratios and Percentages

8.2 Finding the Increase and Decrease Percent

8.3 Finding Discounts

8.4 Prices Related to Buying and Selling (Profit and Loss)

8.5 Sales Tax/Value Added Tax/Goods and Services Tax

8.6 Compound Interest

8.7 Deducing a Formula for Compound Interest

8.8 Rate Compounded Annually or Half Yearly (Semi Annually)

8.9 Applications of Compound Interest Formula


Chapter 9: Algebraic Expressions and Identities

9.1 What are Expressions?

9.2 Terms, Factors and Coefficients

9.3 Monomials, Binomials and Polynomials

9.4 Like and Unlike Terms

9.5 Addition and Subtraction of Algebraic Expressions

9.6 Multiplication of Algebraic Expressions: Introduction

9.7 Multiplying a Monomial by a Monomial

9.8 Multiplying a Monomial by a Polynomial

9.9 Multiplying a Polynomial by a Polynomial

9.10 What is an Identity?

9.11 Standard Identities

9.12 Applying Identities


Chapter 10: Visualising Solid Shapes

10.1 Introduction

10.2 View of 3D-Shapes

10.3 Mapping Space Around Us

10.4 Faces, Edges and Vertices


Chapter 11: Mensuration

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Let us Recall

11.3 Area of Trapezium

11.4 Area of General Quadrilateral

11.5 Area of Polygons

11.6 Solid Shapes

11.7 Surface Area of Cube, Cuboid and Cylinder

11.8 Volume of Cube, Cuboid and Cylinder

11.9 Volume and Capacity


Chapter 12: Exponents and Powers

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Powers with Negative Exponents

12.3 Laws of Exponents

12.4 Use of Exponents to Express Small Numbers in Standard Form


Chapter 13: Direct and Inverse Proportions

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Direct Proportion

13.3 Inverse Proportion


Chapter 14: Factorisation

14.1 Introduction

14.2 What is Factorisation?

14.3 Division of Algebraic Expressions

14.4 Division of Algebraic Expressions Continued (Polynomial / Polynomial)

14.5 Can you Find the Error?


Chapter 15: Introduction to Graphs

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Linear Graphs

15.3 Some Applications


Chapter 16: Playing with Numbers

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Numbers in General Form

16.3 Game with Numbers

16.4 Letters for Digits

16.5 Test of Divisibility

CBSE Class 8 Maths Book

Students are recommended to follow the Board-prescribed official CBSE Class 8 Maths book that is NCERT. In addition to covering all the CBSE syllabus, the book also explains concepts and formulas in an easy manner for the convenience of the students. Written by experts, NCERT textbook for Class 8 Maths is a reliable and comprehensive resource for learning.

CBSE Class 8 Maths Solutions

Class 8 Maths introduces students to new topics, the questions of which can seem difficult to solve. In such a case, students can refer to Vedantu’s comprehensive chapter-wise CBSE Class 8 Maths Solutions by downloading them for free. Step-by-step solutions to all the questions will help students know how to answer a problem and they can practice better.

Additional Study Material for CBSE Class 8 Maths 

Given below is the additional study material for preparation of Class 8 Maths, provided for free by Vedantu.


CBSE Class 8 Maths contains new topics and concepts, which students haven’t studied in earlier classes. Therefore, to get a hold on the subject and to better prepare for the exams, students are encouraged to refer to study resources, including CBSE Class 8 Maths syllabus, notes, solutions, formulas, etc. provided by Vedantu for free.

FAQs on CBSE Class 8 Maths

1. Can I score full marks in CBSE Class 8 Maths?

CBSE Class 8 Maths is a scoring subject, however, students need to prepare thoroughly. Getting a hold on the important concepts and formulas is important. Students can also find the marks weightage and exam pattern in Vedantu’s study material to score higher in the exams.

2. Where can I find CBSE Class 8 Maths study material online?

Vedantu’s official website contains the huge collection of CBSE Class 8 Maths study material for free. Students must click on the respective links to download the free PDFs.

3. Which is the most difficult chapter in class 8 Maths?

As per the students and experts, Comparing Quantities is the hardest chapter in the Class 8 Maths syllabus.

4. Is the CBSE Class 8 Maths syllabus difficult?

The CBSE Class 8 Maths syllabus introduces students to all the new concepts, which can seem difficult for them initially. However, with contant practice and regular revision, student will find it easy.

5. Why should I study important questions for CBSE Class 8 Maths on Vedantu?

Vedantu’s important questions are prepared by our subject-matter experts, who have provided a question-wise analysis for every chapter. You will get a clear understanding of all the concepts in CBSE Class 8 Maths.

6. What is the exam pattern of CBSE Class 8 Maths?

  • Question 1 - Very short answer. The questions are of one mark each. These include Fill in the blanks, True or False, and Choose the correct option.

  • Question 2 - Short answer questions. Every question carries two marks each. 

  • Question 3 -  Short answer type, with every questions of three marks each.

  • Question 4 - Long Answer Type Questions. All the questions carry five marks each.

7. What are some tips to score higher in the CBSE Class 8 Maths exam?

Here are the some tips to score high marks:

  • Go through the important questions and NCERT book, along with solving ample number of sample papers and Previous Year Question Papers of Class 8 Maths.

  • Make memory cards for formulas. 

  • Get all your doubts cleared from your teachers or Vedantu’s mentors.

  • Practice solving questions regulalry. 

8. What are some common mistakes to avoid while solving CBSE Class 8 Maths problems?

Students must avoid mistakes like not reading the question carefully, not understanding and applying the concept properly, and not checking the answer after solving the problem.

9. How can Vedantu help prepare for CBSE Class 8 Maths?

Vedantu’s live online classes and personalised one-on-one sessions with expert teachers, and free study material help students understand concepts better and prepare them effectively for exams.

10. How can CBSE Class 8 Maths help in everyday life?

CBSE Class 8 Maths develops your problem-solving and critical thinking skills, which come handy in everyday life when shopping, planning taxes, budgeting, etc.