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Science Practical Class 10: Intriguing Experiments For Students

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Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Learn to Excel in Your Class 10 Subjects With Science Practical Class 10

CBSE Science Practical Class 10 holds immense significance in shaping the knowledge and skills of students. Science, as a subject, owes a great deal to the experiments and investigations carried out in laboratories. Therefore, practical work forms an essential component of the curriculum, especially in a subject like Science, which involves a lot of observation, analysis, and interpretation of data.


The CBSE Board recognizes the importance of practical work in Science and has included it in the secondary classes' curriculum. The CBSE Science Practice Paper Class 10 aims to introduce students to the fundamental tools and techniques used in laboratory experiments. This exposure helps students to gain a practical understanding of scientific concepts and theories, which are difficult to comprehend through theoretical study alone.


By performing experiments listed in the CBSE Practicals of Class 10 Science, students can develop their problem-solving skills, critical thinking abilities, and analytical skills. They also learn to apply scientific principles and theories to real-life situations and validate them through empirical evidence. Moreover, practical work enables students to develop a scientific attitude, such as curiosity, creativity, and perseverance.

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Importance of Science Practical Class 10

When students perform the experiments included in the Science Practical Class 10  curriculum, they gain a deeper understanding of scientific concepts. The practical nature of these experiments allows students to witness the changes and outcomes firsthand, making it easier for them to comprehend and remember the underlying principles. By engaging in hands-on experimentation, students also strengthen their foundational knowledge, as they learn by doing.


The benefits of practical work extend beyond just knowledge acquisition. Through performing experiments, students develop a curiosity about the subject matter and a genuine interest in Science. As they gain experience, they also begin to ask questions and think critically about the phenomena they are observing. These skills are essential not just in Science but in all aspects of life.


For Class 10 students, it is important to be familiar with all aspects of CBSE Class 10 Science practicals. This includes the Science Practicals For Class 10 CBSE PDF and lab manual. Along with that, students also need to learn about the NCERT lab kit manual, project work, and other important details. This information is essential for students to fully engage with the practical component of the curriculum and make the most out of their learning experiences. The details regarding all these aspects have been provided in an elaborate manner on this page so that students can access all the information they need in one place.


Science Class 10 Practical MCQs With Answers


1. Which gas is given out during respiration?


a) Oxygen

b) Nitrogen

c) Carbon dioxide

d) Helium

Answer: c) Carbon dioxide


2. Which part of the dicot seed develops into the shoot system?


a) Plumule

b) Radicle

c) Cotyledon

d) Endosperm

Answer: a) Plumule


3. Stomata are present in which part of the leaf?

a) Epidermis

b) Mesophyll

c) Xylem

d) Phloem

Answer: a) Epidermis


4. Which process is observed in amoeba during reproduction?


a) Binary fission

b) Budding

c) Fragmentation

d) Regeneration

Answer: a) Binary fission


5. A solution with a pH of 7 is considered to be:


a) acidic

b) basic

c) neutral

d) alkaline

Answer: c) neutral


6. Which gas is evolved when calcium carbonate reacts with acetic acid?


a) Carbon monoxide

b) Carbon dioxide

c) Hydrogen

d) Oxygen

Answer: b) Carbon dioxide


7. Which of the following is a strong base?


a) Sodium hydroxide

b) Ammonia

c) Magnesium hydroxide

d) Calcium hydroxide

Answer: a) Sodium hydroxide


8. Which metal is the least reactive in the reactivity series?


a) Zinc

b) Iron

c) Copper

d) Gold

Answer: d) Gold


9. Which of the following is formed when soap reacts with hard water?


a) Scum

b) Foam

c) Bubbles

d) Lather

Answer: a) Scum


10. Which type of reaction occurs when a metal reacts with an acid?


a) Acid-base reaction

b) Redox reaction

c) Precipitation reaction

d) None of the above

Answer: b) Redox reaction


11. What is the unit of potential difference?


a) Joule

b) Watt

c) Volt

d) Ohm

Answer: c) Volt


12. Which type of lens is used in a magnifying glass?


a) Convex lens

b) Concave lens

c) Plano-convex lens

d) Plano-concave lens

Answer: a) Convex lens


13. When resistors are connected in parallel, the equivalent resistance:


a) increases

b) decreases

c) remains the same

d) none of the above

Answer: b) decreases


14. Where should the object be placed in front of a convex lens to obtain a virtual, erect, and magnified image?


A) Between the lens and the focus

B) At the focus of the lens

C) Beyond twice the focal length of the lens

D) Between the lens and the optical center

Answer: C) Beyond twice the focal length of the lens


15. What happens to the path of light when it passes through a glass slab?


A) It bends towards the normal.

B) It bends away from the normal.

C) It travels in a straight line.

D) It does not pass through the glass slab.

Answer: A) It bends towards the normal.


Different Science Practicals For Class 10 CBSE PDF

The CBSE Science Practice Paper Class 10 includes a wide range of practical experiments for the students.


  • In Biology, students learn to experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration. They also identify the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed and prepare a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata. Additionally, they study binary fission in amoeba and budding in yeast with the help of prepared slides.

  • In Chemistry, students perform experiments to determine the pH of samples and study the properties of acetic acid, acids and bases, and the reactivity series. They also study the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water and conduct experiments on different types of reactions. Viva questions are also provided to help students prepare for assessments.

  • In Physics, students conduct experiments to determine the dependence of potential difference across a resistor on current with a graph. They also determine the focal length of concave mirrors and convex lenses, and the equivalent resistance of resistors when connected in series and parallel. They learn to find image distance for varying object distances of a convex lens with ray diagrams and trace the path of a ray of light passing through a glass slab or prism.


Marking Scheme for Science Practical Class 10 

The Class 10 board exam is an important milestone for students, and Science practicals also carry a significant weightage in the overall evaluation process. In this exam, the Science theory paper is for 80 marks, and 20 marks are allocated to internal assessment. This means that students need to perform well in both the theory and practical components of the exam to achieve a high overall score.


The marking scheme for internal evaluation is designed to assess students' practical skills and understanding of scientific concepts.


Rely On Science Practical Class 10 PDF With Answers To Score Well in Exams 

We provide a detailed list of Science Practicals for Class 10 CBSE PDF and manuals that help students understand each and every single concept properly. With the help of these resources, they can save time for research and follow the instructions to conduct experiments successfully.

FAQs on Science Practical Class 10: Intriguing Experiments For Students

1. What is the purpose of Science practicals in Class 10?

The purpose of Science practicals in Class 10 is to provide students with hands-on experience of the concepts learned in the classroom. By performing experiments and observing the results, students can develop a better understanding of scientific concepts and theories. Practical work also helps students develop skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and teamwork.

2. Are Science practicals mandatory for the Class 10 board exam?

Yes, Science practicals are mandatory for the Class 10 board exam. They carry a weightage of 20 marks in the internal assessment, and students must pass in the practical exam to be eligible to appear for the theory exam.

3. How can I prepare for CBSE Science Practice Paper Class 10?

To prepare for Science practical exams in Class 10, you should attend practical classes regularly, take notes on the experiment procedure, and practice performing the experiments. You can also refer to the CBSE lab manual and NCERT textbook for guidance on experiments and sample questions.

4. What are some common mistakes to avoid during Science practicals in Class 10?

Some common mistakes to avoid during Science practicals in Class 10 include not following instructions carefully, rushing through the experiment, not recording observations accurately, and not cleaning up the lab after the experiment. To avoid these mistakes, you should read the experiment procedure carefully, take your time, record observations in a neat and organized manner, and clean up the lab after the experiment is over.