Class 6 Science NCERT Exemplar Solutions Chapter 11 Light
Free PDF download of NCERT Exemplar for Class 6 Science Chapter 11 Light solved by expert Science teachers on Vedantu.com as per NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. All Chapter 11 Light exercise questions with solutions to help you to revise the complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.
You can also Download NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science to help you revise the complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.
Access NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 11 - Light
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Observe the picture given in Fig. $11.1$ carefully.
A patch of light is obtained at B, when the torch is lighted as shown. Which of the following is kept at position A to get this patch of light?
a) A wooden board
b) A glass sheet
c) A mirror
d) A sheet of white paper
Ans: The correct answer is (c) A mirror.
Explanation: Patch of light can be reflected only by a mirror and changes its direction.
2. A student observes a tree given in Fig. $11.2$ through a pinhole camera. Which of the diagrams given in Fig. $11.3$ (a) to (d), depicts the image seen by her correctly?
Ans: The correct answer is (b).
Explanation: The image formed will be left-right reversed and inverted.
3. Four students A, B, C and D looked through pipes of different shapes to see a candle flame as shown in Fig. $11.4$.
Who will be able to see the candle flame clearly?
Ans: The correct answer is (d) D.
Explanation: As we can see, only in figure D tube is straight. So, we can clearly see candle flame through tube D.
4. Which of the following is/are not always necessary to observe a shadow?
c) Source of light
d) Opaque object
Ans: The correct answer is (a) Sun.
Explanation: Sun is a source of light and it can be replaced by any other source of light like, torch. Hence, the sun is not always necessary to observe a shadow.
5. Paheli observed the shadow of a tree at $8:00$ a.m., $12:00$ noon and $3:00$ p.m. Which of the following statements is closest to her observation about the shape and size of the shadow?
a) The shape of the shadow of the tree changes but the size remains the same.
b) The size of the shadow of the tree changes but the shape remains the same.
c) Both the size and shape of the shadow of the tree change.
d) Neither the shape nor the size of the shadow changes.
Ans: The correct option is (c) Both the size and shape of the shadow of the tree change.
Explanation: Here, the source of light is the sun. Sun changes its position at different points of time. Thus, accordingly the shape and size of the shadow of the tree change.
6. Which of the following can never form a circular shadow?
a) A ball
b) A flat disc
c) A shoe box
d) An ice cream cone
Ans: The correct answer is (c) A shoe box
Explanation: Shape of the shoe box is either rectangular or square.
7. Two students while sitting across a table looked down onto its top surface. They noticed that they could see their own and each other’s image. The table top is likely to be made of:
a) unpolished wood
b) red stone
c) glass sheet
d) wood top covered with cloth
Ans: The correct answer is (c) Glass sheet.
Explanation: Glass sheet is transparent and all of the other objects are opaque and non-reflecting. Therefore, only glass sheets will reflect light properly to form images.
Very Short Answer Questions
8. You have $3$ opaque strips with very small holes of different shapes as shown in Fig. $11.5$. If you obtain an image of the sun on a wall through these holes, will the image formed by these holes be the same or different?
Ans: The hole in the opaque strips will work as a pinhole camera and an image of the sun will be obtained on the wall. The images formed by these holes will be the same.
9. Observe the picture given in Fig. $11.6$. A sheet of some material is placed at position ‘P’, still the patch of light is obtained on the screen. What is the type of material of this sheet?
Ans: Light passes only through transparent material. So, sheet P must be of transparent material like a thin plastic or a ground glass.
10. Three torches A, B and C shown in Fig. $11.7$ are switched on one by one. The light from which of the torches will not form a shadow of the ball on the screen.
Ans: We can see in the given image that torch A and B are placed in front of the screen and we know that light travels in a straight line. So, they will form an image. Whereas, torch C is placed parallel to the screen, so it will not form a shadow.
11. Look at the figure given in Fig. $11.8$.
Will there be any difference in the shadow formed on the screen in A and B.
Ans: Formation of image depends on the shape and size of the object. Hence, the shadow formed on screen A and screen B will be the same because the same bowl is used in both the cases.
Short Answer Questions
12. Correct the following statements.
i) The colour of the shadow of an object depends on its colour.
Ans: No. The shadow, whenever formed, is always black in colour or dark. Thus, the colour of the object does not affect the colour of the image.
ii) Transparent objects allow light to pass through them partially.
Ans: Translucent objects are the objects that partially allow light to pass through them. Transparent objects allow light to pass through them completely.
13. Suggest a situation where we obtain more than one shadow of an object at a time.
Ans: Sometimes light falls on an object from different sources like sun, bulb, etc. at one time, due to which multiple shadows of an object are formed at that moment.
For example, say, there is a football match in which many shadows of a player are being formed at a time. This is because light is falling on him from different sources.
14. On a sunny day, does a bird or an aeroplane flying high in the sky cast its shadow on the ground? Under what circumstances can we see their shadow on the ground?
Ans: We know that to obtain a shadow the object should be placed near the screen but in the case of a bird or an aeroplane the distance between the object and the ground (that acts as screen) is too much. So, the shadow cannot be seen on the ground to obtain a shadow they must fly at a lower altitude.
15. You are given a transparent glass sheet. Suggest any two ways to make it translucent without breaking it.
Ans: We can convert a transparent glass into a sheet that is translucent by following these steps-
i) By applying oil or butter on it that makes it partially permeable.
ii) By rubbing it with sand paper and making the sheet of glass rough, that will allow the light to pass partially.
16. A torch is placed at two different positions A and B, one by one, as shown in Fig. $11.9$.
The shape of the shadow obtained in two positions is shown in Fig. $11.10$.
Match the position of the torch and shape of the shadow of the ball.
Ans: Shadow ‘a’ is formed from position A and shadow ‘b’ is formed from position B.
Size of the shadow ‘a’ is bigger than shadow ‘b’ because in position A ball, torch and screen are in the same line whereas in position B they aren’t in the same line.
17. A student covered a torch with a red cellophane sheet to obtain red light. Using the red light she obtains a shadow of an opaque object. She repeats this activity with green and blue light. Will the colour of the light affect the shadow? Explain.
Ans: We know that the color of shadow remains always dark or black and the screen color or objects color doesn’t affect the shadows’ color. So, the color of light will not have any effect on the shadow.
18. Is the air around us always transparent? Discuss.
Ans: We can see buildings, plants etc. because the air around us is usually transparent. But when the air gets polluted it doesn’t remain completely transparent. The smoke, dust particles or smog (fog and smoke together) when mixed with air absorbs the light.
19. Three identical towels of red, blue and green colours are hanging on a clothesline in the sun. What would be the colour of shadows of these towels?
Ans: When the path of light is obstructed by an object, a dark patch is formed which we call shadow. Hence, if no light can reach the region of shadow, the shadow will appear only black in color. As there is always absence of light, the color of shadow doesn’t depend on the color of the object.
20. Using a pinhole camera a student observes the image of two of his friends, standing in sunlight, wearing yellow and red shirts respectively. What will be the colours of the shirts in the image?
Ans: Pinhole cameras don't change the color of the image or object. So, the color remains the same as that of the object. We can conclude that the color of shirts will be yellow and red in the image formed too.
21. In Fig. $11.11$, a flower made of thick coloured paper has been pasted on the transparent glass sheet. What will be the shape and colour of shadow seen on the screen?
Ans: The shadow formed on the screen will be the same shape of the given flower but darker in color.
Long Answer Questions
22. Afootball match is being played at night in a stadium with flood lights ON. You can see the shadow of a football kept at the ground but cannot see its shadow when it is kicked high in the air. Explain.
Ans: In the case of a ball lying on ground, the ground being an opaque object acts as a screen as the light falls on it, forming a shadow of the ball.
On the other hand when the ball is in air ground is far away from it and hence shadow will disappear as ball goes higher in air.
23. A student had a ball, a screen and a torch in working condition. He tried to form a shadow of the ball on the screen by placing them at different positions. Sometimes the shadow was not obtained. Explain.
Ans: Some of the reasons because of which the shadow can’t be obtained are as follows:
i) The distance between the ball and screen is too much.
ii) The light beam from the torch falls parallel to the screen on the wall.
iii) The torch is placed at a distance from the ball.
24. A sheet of plywood, a piece of muslin cloth and that of a transparent glass, all of the same size and shape were placed at A one by one in the arrangement shown in Fig. $11.12$. Will the shadow be formed in each case? If yes, how will the shadow on the screen be different in each case? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans: Shadow will not be formed in any of the cases except for muslin cloth and plywood.
i) As muslin cloth is translucent, the light will pass only partially and not completely through the cloth. So, a lighter image will be formed.
ii) A shadow is formed only when the object is opaque, we know that the glass is transparent. Hence, no shadow will be formed.
iii) A perfect dark shadow will be formed in this case as the plywood sheet is an opaque object.
Light- Chapter 11, Class 6 (Science, CBSE)
‘Light’ is the 11th chapter of Class 6th Science in the CBSE board. In this chapter, students will be introduced to the major factor for the survival of all living beings i.e. Light. They will learn about different terminologies that are related to Light. They will learn about the natural source of light, reflections, shadows, and images. This will be interesting for students as they will be fascinated to know the natural phenomenon that we see around us daily. There will be many different activities throughout the lesson which will be done by the students that will increase their curiosity and understanding. One such activity is the activity to show the reflection of Light. This can be done by the students at their homes during the night or in a dark room. They can ask someone to hold a mirror in their hand at one corner of the room and the student may stand at another corner with a torch covering it with their fingers. Directing the beam of torchLight onto the mirror, they will observe that a patch of light is reflected from the mirror. This will help them understand that Light travels in a straight line. Such activities will help the students retain knowledge in their memory.
Vedantu has all the necessary study materials that will be helpful for the students. They are notes that will contain important points and terms, revision notes, sample papers, and solved NCERT solutions. They have been prepared by our subject experts and will be quite easy and understandable for the students. They come in PDF form which can be easily downloaded on the Vedantu platforms by simply logging in or signing up. This will be free of cost, making learning easier and more fun.
FAQs on NCERT Exemplar for Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 11 Light
1. What is a natural source of Light and what is reflection?
The natural source of light is the sun whose light is essential for the survival of all living beings.
Reflection can be said to be the process where the light rays fall on a surface that is smooth and polished highly (e.g. a mirror) and then the Light returns to the same medium. This is called the reflection of Light.
2. What are the conditions required for the formation of a shadow?
For the formation of shadow, there are mainly two conditions required. First, the material should be opaque i.e. it doesn’t let light pass through it. Second, there should be a source of light and screen. The most important condition for the formation of the shadow is that the object is placed in the path of Light which leads to the shadow formation on the screen.
3. Is there any difference between shadow and image?
Yes, shadow and image are different. Images are formed when reflected rays intersect whereas shadow is formed when Light doesn’t go beyond the object. Image is seen when the reflected rays enter the observer’s eyes but no amount of Light enters the observer’s eyes in shadows. Images can be straight or inverted but shadows are never inverted.
4. What is umbra and penumbra?
In a shadow, there are two parts which are the darkest part called the umbra and the lesser dark part which is called the penumbra. In the umbra, no Light reaches it but in the penumbra, some Light from the source reaches the area. Umbra can be said to be the central part of the shadow and penumbra the outer part of the shadow. Thus, these are some of the differences between umbra and penumbra which can be a very important question for the examinations.
5. Can I get the NCERT solutions for the ‘Light’ chapter Class 6?
Yes, you can get the NCERT solutions for this chapter. The solutions will have explanations that will be extremely helpful for you as they have been prepared by subject experts. They are easy to understand and can help you get good scores in your examinations. You can use them as references for your revision or for understanding the chapter better. Students can download the PDF file by simply logging in or signing up to Vedantu. This will be free of cost.