Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

Perpetual Motion

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
Total views: 328.8k
Views today: 6.28k
hightlight icon
highlight icon
highlight icon
share icon
copy icon

What is Perpetual Motion?

Perpetual motion is the motion of bodies in an unaffected environment that lasts indefinitely. A perpetual motion machine is a machine that can do work infinitely without an external energy source. A perpetual motion machine as the name suggests, a machine that never stops moving. For every time. So, if you started one today and left it running, it will run until the Big Freeze. That is an understatement of monumental proportions to call it "a long time." The Big Freeze is the theoretical end of everything. It is the point at which the universe has extended to the point of having no thermodynamic free space. In other words, it is the moment at which the whole universe would be incapable of maintaining motion. The whole universe will be at absolute zero (the coldest known temperature, where all movement stops).

The perpetual motion wheel, its impossibility, has captivated inventors and the general public for centuries. The prospect of a practically free and unlimited source of control is what makes perpetual motion so appealing. The fact that the perpetual motion machine is unable to operate because they breach thermodynamic laws hasn't deterred inventors and con artists from trying to smash, exploit, or disregard certain laws. 

[Image will be uploaded soon]

These thermodynamic laws apply regardless of the system's scale. The perpetual movements and rotations of celestial bodies such as planets, for example, may appear to be infinite, but they are subject to a number of forces that steadily dissipate their kinetic energy, such as solar wind, interstellar medium resistance, gravitational radiation, and thermal radiation, and therefore can not continue indefinitely.

It literally transforms from one shape to another. The energy applied to keep a machine running should remain with the machine with no losses. Because of this fact, it is impossible to build a perpetual movement of motion machines.

[Image will be uploaded soon]

Perpetual Motion Systems Can Be Divided into three Categories.

The first category involves a perpetual machine that claims to be able to extract more energy from a falling or spinning body than is available to return the device to its original state. The overbalanced wheel is the most popular and oldest of these. Flexible arms are fixed to the outer rim of a vertically mounted wheel in a conventional version. Rolling weights are transferred from folded arms on one side of the wheel to completely stretched arms on the other side using an inclined trough. The general assumption is that the weights exert more downward force at the ends of extended arms than is required to raise them on the opposite side, where the folding of the arms keeps them closer to the axis of rotation. This assumption violates the first law of thermodynamics, also known as the law of energy conservation, which states that a system's total energy is always fixed.

The second category of perpetual energy machine attempts to challenge the second rule of thermodynamics, which states that certain energy is always wasted while transferring heat to function. The ammonia-filled "zero motors" invented by John Gamgee in Washington, D.C. in the 1880s was one of the most notable failures in this genre.

The third type of perpetual system is one that is synonymous with perpetual motion, and would supposedly be possible if mechanical inertia and electrical resistivity were removed. Such powers can, in practice, be significantly diminished, but they can never be entirely destroyed without expending additional resources.

Bhaskara Wheel

Bhaskara II, an Indian mathematician, invented the Bhaskara wheel in 1150. The spokes of the wheel were bent or inclined and partly loaded with mercury. Once the wheel was moving, the mercury would flow from one side of the spoke to the other, causing the wheel to stay in steady dynamic equilibrium. Bhaskara wheel, like all perpetual motion machines, is a long-discredited mechanism. The radius of the spokes will have to be changed in the wheel's motion to completely overbalance it (so that torque in one direction is greater than the other) to trigger motion. 

[Image will be uploaded soon]

Perpetual Magnetic Motor

A magnet motor, also known as a perpetual magnetic motor, is a perpetual motion machine magnet that uses permanent magnets in the stator and rotor to achieve rotation without the use of electrical electricity. There are many references to free energy and, on occasion, even esotericism. Permanent magnet motors, which are widely used and are powered by an external electrical energy source, are not to be confused with magnet motors.

[Image will be uploaded soon]

Such a motor is both technically and actually impossible to construct. Various hobbyists have advocated the concept of working magnetic perpetual motion. It's possible that it's a kind of para science. A perpetual motion machine magnet is used in the stator and rotor of a potential magnet motor. A rotational action of the rotor is supposedly maintained indefinitely by a special configuration of the attracting and repelling poles. Magnets have no significant energy that could be used for propulsion or to compensate for energy losses, but practical applications fail.

Perpetual Generator

The magnetic fields within the magnets provide the electricity of a permanent magnet motor. These fields may be used to generate movement by initiating force. After that, the motion can be used to generate electricity. A perpetual magnetic generator is also known as a magnetic driven generator. The motors convert the force produced by the fields inside the magnets into electric power. By arranging these magnets in a circular pattern, you can potentially build a spinning wheel that is pushed by magnetic fields. The motor produces energy by the rotating motion of the rotor. Since the energy of magnets lasts for many years, the spinning wheel will rotate and keep spinning without ever needing to rest, generating electricity for many years.

[Image will be uploaded soon]

The wheel can rotate and spin indefinitely without getting to continue, so the spinning wheel's motion generates power for several years. This is how a magnetically driven engine becomes a perpetual generator. 

FAQs on Perpetual Motion

1. What Does Perpetual Life Mean?

Answer: The company has eternal existence, which means it will continue to exist regardless of the position of its owners. Shareholders and executives are separated in C-Corporations. The maximum number of shares of an S-Corporation is 100. A company is a corporate body that is distinct from its owners. Corporations are heavily active in the development process.

Bylaws and Articles of Incorporation are required. To open a business account, corporations must procure an Employee Identification Number from the IRS and provide it to the bank. Corporations are expected to file a variety of state and federal documents. At least one shareholder is needed for a corporation to exist.

2. Why is Free Energy Impossible?

Answer: Free energy devices are inefficient. No computer will produce energy out of thin air, since this would break the basic and universal law of mass-energy conservation. Mass can be transformed into energy, and energy can be converted back into mass, so both must be conserved together.

Students Also Read