Known as a common emitter layout, this arrangement places the emitter between the collector and the base. The emitter and base form the connection for the input circuit, while the collector and emitter provide the connection for the output circuit. Because the emitter is shared by the input and output circuits, the setup is known as having a common emitter. The NPN and PNP transistor's shared emitter configuration.
Common Emitter Configuration
Since the emitter terminal is grounded in a common emitter configuration, this design is often referred to as a grounded emitter configuration. The terms common emitter configuration, common emitter amplifier, and CE amplifier are also frequently used. The most popular transistor arrangement is known as a common emitter (CE). When a significant current gain is required, common emitter amplifiers are utilised.
The base and emitter terminals are used for the input signal, while the collector and emitter terminals are used for the output signal. As a result, a transistor's emitter terminal serves as both an input and an output terminal, earning the term "common emitter configuration."
Common emitter configuration
VBE stands for the supply voltage between the base and the emitter, while VCE stands for the supply voltage between the collector and the emitter. In a common emitter arrangement, input current (also known as base current or IB) and output current (also known as collector current or IC) are written as letters.
Base Current Amplification Factor
The Base current amplification factor of common emitter configuration is given by the difference between the change in collector current (IC) and the change in base current (IB). It is indicated by .
Collector current and Current Gain
In common emitter configuration the collector current is given by using the following equation. The equation relates the input current IB with the output current IC in the CE configuration.
By using the above two equations and solving them we get:
IC - Collector current
IE- Emitter current
- Current amplification factor
IB - Base current
ICEO - When the base is open then the collector-emitter current
ICBO - When the output is open then the collector base current
A current gain in common emitter configuration can be written as:
Where is current gain and IC change in collector current and IB change in base current. is greater than . is greater than 1, in common emitter configuration.
Input and Output Characteristics
The connection between the input current, or base current (IB), and the input voltage, or base-emitter voltage (VBE)., is described by the input characteristics of the common emitter configuration.
Input and Output Circuit Diagram
Diagram of the circuit used to analyse the input and output characteristics of a transistor's common emitter arrangement.
Draw two lines first—one vertical and one horizontal. The vertical line represents the y-axis and the x-axis by the horizontal line. The input voltage (VBE) is taken along the x-axis (horizontal line), and the input current or base current (IB), is taken along the y-axis (vertical line).
Input characteristic of CE configuration
The input voltage VBE is raised from zero volts to various voltage levels while the output voltage VCE is maintained at zero volts. The matching input current (IB) for each voltage level of the input voltage (VBE) is kept track of.
The connection between output current (IC) and output voltage (VCE) is described by the output characteristics of the common emitter configuration.
Draw two lines first—one vertical and one horizontal. The y-axis is represented by the vertical line, and the x-axis by the horizontal line. The output voltage (VCE) is taken along the x-axis, while the output current (IC), also known as the collector current, is taken along the y-axis (vertical line).
The output characteristic in CE configuration
The output voltage VCE is raised from zero volts to various voltage levels to establish the output characteristics, while the input current, or base current, IB is maintained constant at 0 A. The associated output current (IC) for each level of the output voltage is kept track of.
Chips are intricate structures composed of layers of circuitry linking the components and millions, or even billions, of transistors and other components. Chips have gotten stronger over time by combining more microscopic components and cramming them closer together.
Specialized manufacturing facilities known as fabs are used to create semiconductors. Cleanrooms, which are enclosed spaces with stringent controls for airborne contaminants, humidity, and temperature, are located inside these fabs.
1. Calculate the emitter current in a transistor that has =40, and the base current is 0.03 mA.
IB = 0.03 mA and =40
We know that,
IC = IB
IC = 40 x 0.03 = 1.2 mA.
We know that,
IE = 1.2 + 0.03 = 1.23 mA
The emitter current comes out to be 1.23 mA.
2. Find the value of when is given 0.96.
We know that
The value of is 24 after solving the question.
We have seen how common emitter configuration works and how it amplifies the output. The other configuration is also important to get the full knowledge of this working and the relation which are set up between them. The base amplification factor is also related to the amplification factor which will help in solving the problems of physics.
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