Change of State - Solid, Liquid, Melting Point

Bookmark added to your notes.
View Notes

All matter which we can move that too from one state to another. It may require very extreme temperatures or we can say that extreme pressures but it can be done. Sometimes we can say that a substance doesn't want to change its states. we have to use all of our tricks when that happens to us. 

To create a very solid we might have to decrease the temperature to by a huge amount and then add pressure. For example we can say that the oxygen which is O₂ will solidify at -361.8 degrees Fahrenheit that is -218.8 degrees Celsius at pressure which is standard. However we can say that it will freeze at a temperature which is warmer when the pressure is increased.

Change of State Explained

Some of us may already know about liquid nitrogen written as N₂. It is nitrogen from the atmosphere which is basically in a liquid form and it has to be super cold as well to stay a liquid. What if we wanted to turn this nitrogen into a solid but we couldn't make it cold enough to solidify? 

In this case, we could increase the pressure which is in a sealed chamber. Eventually we would reach a point where the liquid becomes solid. If we have liquid water denoted as H₂O at room temperature and we wanted water vapor gas, we could use a combination of temperature which is high or low pressures to solve your problem.

The Change of State from Solid to Liquid

The change with the phase that happens when we reach certain special points. Sometimes we can say that a liquid which wants to become solid. Scientists usually use something known as a freezing point or melting point to measure the temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid completely. 

There are physical effects that can change the melting point. The pressure is one of those effects. When the surrounding pressure of a substance increases the point which is freezing and other special points also go up. It is easier to keep things which are solid when they are under pressure which is greater.

Generally we can say that the solids are more dense than liquids because their molecules are together closer. The process of freezing compacts the molecules into a space which is smaller.

There are always exceptions which are in science. Water is a very special level of which are of many levels. It has more space which is between its molecules that are when it is frozen. The molecules which are organized in a specific arrangement take up more space than when they are all loosey-goosey in the state of liquid. Because the number which is the same as molecules take up more space and water which is solid is less dense than water or liquid. There are many other types of molecules which are organized in water which is solid.

Solid to Liquid is Called 

Imagine that we are a solid. We are a cube which is ice sitting on a counter. we dream of becoming water liquid. We need some energy here for this. Heat is probably a process which is the easiest energy we can use to change your physical state. The atoms which are in a liquid which is more energy than the solid atoms.

There is a temperature which is special for every substance known as the melting point. When a solid reaches the temperature that is of its melting point it can become a liquid. For the temperature of water that needs to be a little over zero degrees Celsius that is 0oC for you to melt.

[Image will be Uploaded Soon]

Change of State Observation

If it were salt or sugar or the rock our melting point is higher than that of water. How do we know that fact? If their point which is melting were lower they would also be temperature which is of liquids is above zero degrees Celsius. The reverse of the process of melting which is called freezing. The water which is of Liquid freezes and becomes ice solid when the molecule's energy is lost.

We know about melting solids and becoming liquids. Some of us may have also seen a solid become a gas. It's a process known as sublimation. The example which is easiest of sublimation might be dry ice. The dry ice is solid carbon dioxide CO₂. Amazingly we can say that when we leave dry ice out in a room it just turns into a gas. Have we ever heard of liquid carbon dioxide? It can be made but not in a situation which is normal. Coal is an example or we can say another example of a compound that will not melt at normal atmospheric pressures. It will sublimate at a very high temperature which is high.

Practical Application

Can we go from a gas to a solid? Yes Sure. the deposition that occurs when a gas becomes a solid without going through the states of liquid of matter. Those of us who live near the equator may not have seen it but even closer to the poles which we see frost on morning of winter. Those little crystals of frost which are on plants build up when water vapor from the air becomes a solid on the leaves which are of plants. 

The Matter which is in everyday life exists in three forms that are liquid, solids and gases. In this article we will examine the interchangeability of the states one by one which are of matter and examine the conditions that are required for such a change to occur. The Changes which are in the state which is of matter that occur through changes in the energy of the substance are mainly thermal energy. 

The molecules that are supplied with energy that is the heat which start vigorously vibrating. If even more energy which is supplied for the molecules that eventually gain energy which is enough to separate out of the sample. We can best understand the concept that if we try to apply this practically.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Explain What Change of State Takes Place in Melting?

Ans: the process of melting that causes a substance to change from a solid to a liquid or rather any other form. The whole process of melting occurs when the molecules are of a solid speed which is up enough that the motion overcomes the attractions so that the molecules can move past each other as a form of liquid.

Q2. Explain that is Heating a Solid to Change it into Liquid?

Ans: when a solid is heated eventually by the particles which are given more energy and start to faster vibrate. At a temperature which is certain the particles which vibrate so much that their order breaks the structure down. At this point the solid gets to melt into liquid.

Q3. Explain What Causes a Change of State?

Ans: Going through a phase which we are going to discuss. Removing or Adding energy that from matter causes a change which is physical as matter that moves from one state to another. For example we can say that adding energy which is thermal heat to liquid water causes it to become the gas or the vapour. And removing the energy which is present which is liquid that causes it to become solid of ice.

Q4. Explain What Happens During Change of State?

Ans: the state of changes  are physical changes. They occur when the matter absorbs or loses the energy which is in it. The Processes in which the matter changes in between solid and liquid states are melting and freezing. Processes in which matter changes that ti in between gas and the liquid states are vaporization and the evaporation and the process of condensation.