The producers on our planet, plants are autotrophic. Plants are designed in such a way that they can produce their food from sunlight, water, and minerals in the soil. The two main parts of a plant body are the stem, the part that stays above the ground and holds the other parts of the plant, and the root which grows below the ground and helps keep the plant fixed in one place. The roots absorb minerals and water. Both these plant parts have many important functions on which the survival of the plants depend.
The stem of a plant emerges from the plumule of the embryo, exhibiting growth that is positively phototropic and negatively geotropic. Stems have nodes and internodes that facilitate the growth of different plant structures such as leaves, branches, flower buds, etc.
Functions of the Stem
To facilitate fluid and nutrition transport.
Provide mechanical support to the plant body. It changes into a trunk as the plant grows into a tree. The trunk is the hard, brown part that gives physical support.
To provide an appropriate arrangement of branches and leaves.
Storage of nutrients and water.
Provide for the lifelong growth of the plant.
It facilitates the production of new cells and tissues.
Stems are composed of morphological structures- nodes, internodes, and axillary buds.
Roots are the major vegetative parts of the plants that are negatively geotropic. Roots develop from the radicals of the embryo.
Functions of Roots
Absorption of water
Storage of nutrients
Providing anchorage to the plants
Facilitating vegetative propagation
Roots are of various types like taproots, adventitious roots, lateral roots, fibrous roots, etc.
Let us look at the major differences between stem and roots.
Stem vs Root
How Vedantu helps in preparing NEET Aspirants for Stems and Roots
The National Eligibility cum Entrance Examination is needed to be taken by all medical aspirants. It is conducted to assess the quality of students who will be taken in for MBBS and other related medical courses. The difference between stems and roots can be understood if one reads about them properly. The stem originates from the plumule of the embryo and has nodes and internodes. It stores the nutrients and water for plants which makes sure that the plants get nourished for life. Roots are the chief vegetative parts of the plant and develop from the radicals of the embryo. They help in the absorption of water and lend anchorage to all plants. More about this has been explained by Vedantu.
Vedantu has information for NEET on its platform. This page has explained what the different parts of a plant are. It has then discussed the distinction between stems and roots through comparing them properly. The functions of both have been explained in detail and everything that’s coming for NEET has been included on this page. NEET aspirants need to be overly serious in terms of their preparation as even the slightest amount of negligence could prove to be dangerous.