In order to fully understand the subtraction of integers, you first need to know what subtraction is. Subtraction is defined as one quantity being taken from another, which means that the two numbers are being "subtracted." The bigger number is called the minuend and the smaller number is called the subtrahend. In this article, we are going to learn about how to subtract integers and will see some of the integers examples.
Subtraction of Digits
Subtraction of Integers Definition
Subtraction of integers is a mathematical operation which is arithmetic in nature, and it involves the subtraction of two numbers. The objective of subtraction of integers is to find out how much bigger one number is than another or vice versa. It can be accomplished by subtracting the first integer from the second or by adding the difference between the two integers to a third integer.
The method of finding the difference between two integers is known as subtracting integers. Depending on whether the numbers are positive, negative, or a mix, the value may increase or decrease. Integer subtraction is an arithmetic operation that finds the difference between integers with the same or different signs.
There are sure principles to be followed to subtract two numbers. Subtraction using an integers rules chart helps in understanding the sign convention. The guidelines for subtracting numbers are given below with integers examples:
Subtraction Using Integers Rules Chart
Following are the rules for subtracting integers:
When we subtract 0 from any integer, the result is the integer itself.
We may discover the additive inverse or opposite of any integer by subtracting it from 0.
Integer subtraction is accomplished by changing the sign of the subtrahend. If both numbers have the same sign, we add their absolute values and append the common sign. If the absolute numbers have different signs, we find the difference and place the sign of the larger number in the result.
Subtracting Integers with the Same Sign
When we subtract two integers with the same sign, we subtract their absolute values and add the common sign. The absolute value of a number is the number's positive value. For example, the absolute value of 9 is 9, the absolute value of -9 is 9, and so on.
We modify the sign of the subtrahend when subtracting numbers. For example, -3-(-5) can be written as -3+5. The absolute value of 5 is 5, and -3 is now 3. We get 2 by subtracting 3 from 5. Because 5>3, the answer's sign will be the same as the sign of 5, which is positive. As a result, -3-(-5)=2.
Here, it is important to note that every subtraction fact can be written as an addition fact. For example, 2-4 is the same as 2+(-4).
(-1) - (- 6) = - 1 + 6 = 5
3 - 8 = - 5
24 - 17 = 7
Subtracting Integers with Different Signs
When subtracting two integers with different signs, the sign of the subtracted integer is changed. Then, if both integers become positive, the outcome will be positive; if both integers become negative, the result will be negative. For example, if we want to subtract (-9) from 5, that is 5-(-9), we will change the sign of 9 and then add the integers, which means it will be 5+9=14. Therefore, 5-(-9)=14.
This can also be understood using another way in which the absolute values are added, and the sign of the minuend is attached to the result. For example, if we want to subtract (-9) from 5, first we find the absolute values of both. The absolute value of -9 is 9, and 5 is 5. Now, find the sum of these absolute values, which is 9+5=14. As 5 is the minuend with a positive sign, the answer sign will be positive. Therefore, 5-(-9)=14.
Example 1: Subtract the given integers using the rules for subtracting integers.
Subtract $-56$ from $-90$
Ans: This question is based on subtracting two integers with the same sign. Here, if we write it in the form of an expression, we get $-90-(-56)$. This can be written as $-90 + 56$. Let us find the difference between the absolute values. So, 90 56 is 34. Since $90>56$, the answer sign will be the same as the sign of 90, which is negative. Therefore, $-90-(-56) = -34$.
Example 2: By using subtracting integers rules, find out which number should be added to 43 to get $-20$ as the answer.
Ans: Let $x$ be the number that should be added to 43 to get $-20$. So, we can form an equation in terms of $x$.
$x + 43 = -20$
To find the missing value, we need to solve the equation.
$x + 43 = -20$
$x = -20-43$
$x = -63$
Therefore, $-63$ has to be added to 43 to get $-20$.
Q1. Find the value of (-1030) - 79.
Q2. Find the value of (-1030) + (-38).
Q3. Find the value of (-459) - (-38).
As far as we have learned about subtraction, i.e. subtraction is defined as one quantity being taken from another, which means that the two numbers are being "subtracted." Then we see how integers affect the subtraction due to a change in the sign. In the integer rule, we have learned that subtracting Integers with the same sign and subtracting Integers with different signs, both show different results. So in this way, we now have command over the subtraction of integers.