Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More

Difference Between Mixture and Solution for JEE Main 2024

ffImage
Last updated date: 29th Feb 2024
Total views: 20.4k
Views today: 0.20k
hightlight icon
highlight icon
highlight icon
share icon
copy icon

What is Mechanical Mixture?

Mixture is a combination of two or more materials either chemically combined or not depending upon what type of mixture it is. They are combined physically where the identities of the individual substances are retained and by physical methods we can separate the components if required. The proportions of the components in the mixture may or may not be the same and can vary from one mixture to the other. They may be in the form of solution, suspension or colloid. Mixtures can be homogeneous and heterogeneous depending upon the uniformity of the components throughout the combination. The heterogeneous mixture is often referred to as mechanical mixture as they are made mechanically and can be separated to each component by mechanical methods. In our day-to-day life we come across a lot of mixtures and hence the concept of mixture needs to be very clear to us.


We all know about elements. They are the basic materials or the main building blocks of everything on the earth. Some of the things of daily uses are just made up of a single element. Such things include copper pennies, iron nails, and neon lights. But most of the things we found around us are just not made up of one element; most of them are combinations of two or more elements. These combinations of the element(s) can be broadly classified into three categories. These categories are mixtures, solutions, and compounds. This chapter focuses mainly on the first two categories. 


One very evident example of a mixture is soil. A shovelful of soil is composed of some topsoil, some clay, maybe a little sand, a few bugs, maybe some really tiny microorganisms, including a worm, or some rotting plant roots, and maybe some more organic and inorganic things. The soil is thus a mixture of multiple things. Yet we can say that each shovelful of soil is probably not the same as the next one. Maybe one has more percentage of sand, and the other has more clay. The components of soil can be classified into its different parts – the organic part and the inorganic part. The bugs, worms and plant parts form the organic part whereas the inorganic part is that of sand and clay. From this example, we can conclude that a mixture is not the same for all the samples, and a mixture can be segregated into its component parts. 


On the other hand, salt water is an example of a solution. A glassful of salt water is made up of both salt and water in it. The salt remains dissolved evenly throughout the water, so in this case, a spoonful of the salt water would contain the same amounts of salt and water as another spoonful of the saltwater taken from the same glass. Salt water can also be separated into its component parts. If the water is allowed to evaporate, and we will have just have the salt left. Salt water is a solution and not a mixture because of its these two distinguishing characteristics: the concentration of each of its parts throughout the solution is same and uniform, and it can be separated into its components by some physical process.

 

Classifications

Mixtures are broadly classified into two main groups: mechanical mixtures and solutions. Both are considered mixtures as both of them are composed of two or more different kinds of particles.

  

Mechanical Mixtures

It is not always easy to identify whether a given matter is a mixture or not. We can confirm that soil is a mixture because the different parts are visible to us. If different kinds of matter in a mixture are visible, then it is known as a mechanical mixture. Mechanical mixtures are better known as heterogeneous mixtures. The ratio of the components of the mechanical mixture is not fixed throughout the mixture and the mechanical mixture can be separated to each of the components separately when required by simple mechanical means and hence the name. For example a handful of soil which has both organic and inorganic material in it and  not in a homogeneous ratio throughout. Even the components of organic compounds and inorganic ones are not in fixed proportion. Organic means dead plant, insects etc. in the soil and inorganic ones like sand, silica, different salts etc. 


Often confusions arise between “Mixture” and “solution” and the concept is not clear. 

 

Solutions

The homogeneous mixtures containing one or more solutes in a solvent are termed as solutions. The solvent is the matter present in a maximum proportion in the solution, whereas a solute is a substance that remains dissolved inside the solvent. Some mixtures do not seem to be mechanical mixtures. They appear to be pure substances. Like the grape juice or clear shampoo that gives the impression as if composed of only one kind of matter. However, both grape juice and clear shampoo are solutions. Grape juice is composed of water particles, sugar particles, and flavor particles. Shampoo also has water particles, detergent particles, color particles, and scent particles. Mixtures that appear as if they are pure substances are called solutions. A solution like a mixture always has more than one kind of particle, but it appears as a pure substance. Solutions are often referred to as homogeneous mixtures. Both steel and seawater are solutions. The atmosphere surrounding the earth is a solution as well.


Any homogeneous mixture can exist in any of the three states: solid, liquid, or gas. However, in any one solution, only one state is visible. But this doesn’t happen in the case of heterogeneous mixtures. The heterogeneous mixture can have multiple states in one mixture.


Thus, in short, a mixture is a unification of substances where they are mixed up and yet their properties in physical terms would remain unchanged. An example of this can be of a fruit salad with condensed milk. If the fruit salad and condensed milk are mixed, both will end up yielding the same physical properties. Even after that, we can identify which is the condensed milk and which are the different fruit components. However, in a solution, it is not the same. A solution involves dissolving the substances into a new form of a solution, like in milk tea. To make a milk tea, once milk is dissolved in tea, we cannot separate the milk in the tea again. 


Difference Explained Further 

To put it in simple terms, we can say that a mixture is a substance composed of other substances mixed together but not joined together, while in a solution has a substance made of two or more substances are in unison. Moreover, a chemical reaction occurs in order to create a solution, but in a mixture, it is just physical mixing devoid of any chemical reactions.

  • Points to Recall: Mixtures are materials containing two or more chemical substances mixed with each other (mixed together).

  • Formation of mixture never involves any chemical reaction and thus the chemical properties of the participating components remain unaffected. 

  • Both mixtures and solutions can be separated by physical methods.

  • Mixtures are Generally of two Types: homogeneous and heterogeneous.

  • Homogeneous mixtures are the one with the particles of the substances mixed together (no clumping of the particles happen) – for example: air.

  • Solutions are always Homogenous Mixtures: particles of one substance or the solute are mixed together with the particles of another substance or the solvent– Example- saltwater.

  • Heterogeneous mixtures are large aggregations (clumps) of the substances when mixed together – Example-emulsions like oil in water.


Thus, we can broadly conclude that all solutions are a mixture of a kind but not all mixtures are not a solution.

FAQs on Difference Between Mixture and Solution for JEE Main 2024

1. What do you mean by the inorganic component of soil?

Soil is a mixture. It is mechanical or heterogeneous in nature. It has both organic and inorganic components. The inorganic component forms almost half of the volume of the mixture. The inorganic components comprise of clay, slit, sand and broken parts of rock. This is the mineral rich part of the soil. The mineral part consists of salts of certain inorganic elements like calcium, magnesium etc. These inorganic components which are basically the degradation product of rocks are the actual storehouse of nutrients for the plants which they need to grow and survive.

2. List the differences between mixture and solution?

Solution is also a type of mixture but due to innumerable differences between them solution and mixture are often considered separate. The differences between the mixture and solution can be listed as follows:

  • The components of mixture are never fused or interacted chemically whereas in solution they may or may not interact chemically.

  • Mixtures never result in formation of a new compound whereas a solution may result in formation of a new compound if the components of the solution interact chemically.

  • The components of mixture always retain their individual identities but that of solution may or may not retain.

  • The percentage of different components in a mixture can vary and they don’t maintain a fixed ratio throughout but in solution a fixed ratio of all components is maintained throughout the solution.

 To sum up Mixture is heterogeneous while the solution is homogeneous.

3. What are the different types of mixture based on the size of the particles involved?

Mixtures are of different types. They are also differentiated based on the particle size of the components as follows:

  • Solution where the particles are too small to be seen or filtered. They mix homogeneously into a clear mixture in which the particles are too small to settle. For example a salt solution

  • Colloid where the particles are larger than that in solution and they can be seen. However not large enough to settle or be filtered. For example gelatin in a petri dish.

  • Suspension where the particles are large enough to be seen, settled and filtered. For example a soil solution.

4. Why is milk a colloid?

The milk we get daily is homogenized and pasteurized before we get it. So in spite of having cream in the milk which has a tendency to settle it has been broken into such tiny components that the result is a homogeneous mixture where the particles of cream can not settle or can be filtered. However, milk is not a clear solution and the tiny particles can be seen because they appear to be white and not completely colorless. This makes milk a colloidal mixture.

5. What is concentration?

The term concentration is applicable for solutions where it needs to know how much of the solute is present in a certain volume of the solution. Though it is often expressed in mass per unit volume, it can also be expressed in terms of molarity or molality. To know the concentration of a solution is necessary because in chemical reactions it is must for a certain reaction to take place. In daily life we also need to have a rough idea about the concentration of the juice we are having or the concentration of the acid we are using for cleaning purposes. In regular use we need to check the concentration of the sanitizer we use.