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Gross Profit Formula

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Introduction to Gross Profit Formula

If we talk about a company, gross profit is an income or we can say profit that a company makes after deducting all the costs associated with the production & selling of goods and services. On the other hand, for the individuals or households, it is an amount which is a summation of wages/salaries, profits or any interest payments, rents, and other kinds of earnings. It is an amount that we get before any payment of taxes & other deductions. It is exactly the opposite of net profit or net income where the amount we get is always after the payment of taxes & other deductions. In this article, we will cover all the formulas related to this concept such as gross margin formula or gross profit margin formula, gross profit ratio or gross margin percentage, etc.

Gross Profit Formula

The formula or gross profit equation through which we can calculate the gross profit or gross revenue is given below:

Gross Profit/Gross revenue formula = Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold

Here, revenue or profit is the amount that we get at the end after selling the products produced by the company at a specific time. The amount before any payment of taxes & other deductions is taken here. On the other hand, if we talk about COGS or Cost of Goods Sold, that includes all the direct costs which are associated with the production of the products & it does not include the costs of administration or marketing-related costs.  The costs it includes are depreciation, labour cost, factory overheads, cost of materials or storage.

Gross Margin Formula / Gross Profit Margin Formula

When we express gross profit in the form of a percentage, it is known as Gross Profit Margin or gross margin. The gross profit margin formula is given below:

Gross margin formula = (Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold)/Revenue x 100

Here, we get to know that gross profit can be used to find out other metrics such as gross profit margin. Sometimes the terms gross profit margin, as well as gross profit margin, are used interchangeably but they are not the same because the former is calculated as well as expressed in the form of currency whereas the latter is expressed in the form of a percentage. 

Gross Profit Ratio Formula

This can be calculated with the help of the following formula:

\[\text{Gross Profit Ratio = }\frac{\text{Gross Profit}}{\text{Net Sales}}\]

When we express the gross profit ratio in the form of percentage form, it is simply called gross profit margin or gross profit percentage. The gross profit percentage formula is mentioned below:

\[\text{Gross Profit Ratio = }\frac{\text{Gross Profit}}{\text{Net Sales}}\times100\]

In both the above-mentioned formulas, the two required components are gross profit as well as net sales. Gross profit can be calculated by subtracting the cost of goods sold from revenue or net sales whereas net sales can be calculated by subtracting any returns inwards as well as discounts allowed from the gross sales. This information can be collected from the income statement of the company.


Let's understand the GP formulas more clearly with the help of the following solved examples whose answers can be checked through the profit percentage calculator:

Problem 1. Calculate the Gross Profit using the gross profit rate formula, if the Cost of goods sold is Rs. 12,000 and revenue is Rs. 76000.

Solution: Using the formula:

Gross profit formula = Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold

= 76,000 - 12,000

= Rs. 64,000/-

Problem 2. Calculate the gross profit of the company if gross sales are Rs. 20,00,000, sales return is Rs. 2,50,000 and COGS is Rs. 1,50,000.

Solution: Gross profit can be calculated in the following way:

Gross Sales


Less: Sales Returns


Net Sales 


Less: Cost of Goods Sold


Gross Profit



Problem 3. The following data relates to a small trading company. Compute the gross profit ratio and gross profit percentage of the company.

Gross sales: $1,00,000

Sales returns: $10,000

Cost of goods sold: $18,000


Net sales = Gross sales – Sales returns

= $1,00,000 – $10,000

= $90,000 

Gross profit = Net sales – Cost of goods sold

= $90,000 – $18,000

= $72,000

Gross profit ratio / Gross margin ratio formula

 =\[ \frac{\text{Gross Profit}}{\text{Net Sales}}\]

= \[ \frac{90,000}{72,000}\]

= 0.8 

Gross Profit Percentage or Gross Margin Percentage Formula =  \[\frac{\text{Gross Profit}}{\text{Net Sales}}\] * 100

= 0.8 * 100

= 8%


To conclude in the end, we can say that after reducing the costs related to the production of the goods and services from the total revenue that we generate after selling the goods and services, we can get gross profit but this is not the actual profit that we enjoy because taxes and other related deductions have not been deducted from this. Thus, when we deduct the taxes from this gross profit, then we get actual income that we can enjoy. Besides these, we also learned how to calculate other metrics such as gross margin ratio and gross revenue percentage, etc.

FAQs on Gross Profit Formula

1. What is Gross Profit?

Answer. Gross profit refers to the amount that is left after deducting all the costs or expenses incurred on the production as well as selling of the goods and services. It is also called revenue, which we get before the deduction of taxes as well as other deductions. 

2. Differentiate Between Gross Profit and Net Profit.

Answer. The basic difference between the gross profit as well as net profit is the deduction of taxes and other deductions. The amount we get before doing payment of taxes and other deductions is called gross profit whereas when taxes and other deductions are being done from the gross profit, we get net profit at the end which is the actual income of the company or an individual.

3. Differentiate Between Gross Profit Ratio and Gross Profit margin.

Answer. The ratio of gross profit with net sales is called the gross profit ratio whereas if we talk about gross profit margin or gross profit percentage. It is calculated when we express the gross profit ratio in the form of a percentage.