Food gives us the energy to do various activities such as walking, sitting, speaking, playing, etc. Some foods give us a lot of energy and help in the growth and repair of the body. Foods also give us the energy to protect the body from diseases. This energy comes from substances present in the food. Substances like carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, fats and minerals that are present in the food are called nutrients. Food energy is generally expressed in terms of calories.
Which Food Provides the Most Energy?
Energy - Giving Food
These foods give us the energy to do various activities such as walking, sitting, speaking, and playing. Some foods that give a lot of energy are:
Body - Building Food
These foods help in the growth and repair of the body. Some examples of body-building foods are:
Protective foods protect the body from diseases. They help to keep our bodies healthy. Fruits and vegetables are some examples of protective food.
This is found in fruits, vegetables, food grains and pulses. It helps the food we have eaten to move inside the body. Some fibre-rich foods are beans and legumes.
While fibre helps in digestion, we should have sufficient water as well. We should drink at least 6-8 glasses of water a day.
How Do We Get Energy from Food?
The food that we eat does not give energy directly to our bodies. It gives after digestion. Digestion is a process in which the food we eat is broken down into simple and soluble substances that are absorbed by the body.
Eating a balanced diet means that we choose food in the right quantity from each of these food groups. Here are a few examples: cereals for energy; milk, pulses and meat for growth; enough vegetables and fruits for fighting diseases. Thus, a balanced diet is a diet which contains proper proportions of energy-giving food, protective food and body-building food. This is necessary to maintain good health.
Healthy Food Item
1. What are the nutrients present in the food?
Ans: Carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, fats and minerals are some of the nutrients present in the food.
2. Name the unit of food energy.
Ans: Calories and Joules are units of food energy.
3. What is body-building food?
Ans: Body-building foods help in the growth and repair of the body. Some examples of body-building foods are:
Learning by Doing
Write True or False
Carbohydrates and fats are the only nutrients present in the food. (T/F)
A balanced diet has all types of food. (T/F)
Food energy is generally expressed in the term wheat consumption. (T/F)
Fibre helps in digestion. (T/F)
To be healthy and active, we should have enough food. Food supplies energy and helps in growth. It also repairs the body and keeps us healthy. A balanced diet has all types of food. We hope you have learnt something new about food and what kinds of food provide us with which nutrients. To read more about such interesting topics, visit our website today.