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Human Tongue

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Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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A Look at the Human Tongue and Taste Buds

Have you ever thought about how you can speak? There is something which helps us in talking. Can you guess? Yes, it is the tongue. The tongue is a strong organ in the mouth. The tongue is covered with pink tissue called the mucosa. Now, let us learn about the human tongue's taste buds. The papilla is a tiny elevation on the tongue.


A huge number of taste buds cover the surfaces of the tongue. The human tongue’s taste buds help us in feeling the different types of tastes like sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. The tie holding down the front of the tongue is known as the frenum. The tongue is essential for biting and gulping food. The hyoid bone is present near the tongue, which provides support to it.


Location of the Tongue


Location of the Tongue


Human Tongue and Senses

A sense is a biological system used by an organism for feeling some changes in the body like pain, fear, etc., and for gathering information about the things happening and responding to them. The senses of the tongue help in identifying the taste and help in speaking. The four normal tastes are sweet, sour, bitter, and salty. The tongue has many nerves that help identify and send taste signs to the mind.


Senses of the Taste Bud on the Tongue


Senses of the Taste Bud on the Tongue 


Taste Glands on the Tongue 

Taste buds contain the taste receiving cells, which are otherwise called gustatory cells. The taste-receiving cells are situated around the little designs known as papillae tracked down on the upper surface of the tongue, delicate sense of taste, upper throat, cheek, and epiglottis. 


These designs are engaged with identifying the five components of taste: pungency, acridity, sharpness, pleasantness, and umami. Little openings in the tongue lining are called taste pores, portions of the food break down in spit and come into contact with the taste receptors. So, taste glands on the tongue are very important.

                                                      

Location of Taste Buds on the Tongue

Taste Buds are a group of cells — basal cells, columnar (primary) cells, and somewhere in the range of 10 and 50 taste receptor cells, which are recharged each 9-10 days. So the location of taste buds on the tongue is around the small structures called papillae.


A portion of these receptor cells contains proteins on their surfaces that tight spot to a portion of the synthetic substances from our food, while others have particle channels that are filled by various synthetics. When the receptor has distinguished a specific compound, this information is passed along a progression of brain processes onto the cerebrum, where taste is seen.


Number of Taste Buds on the Human Tongue

The quantity of taste buds individuals have can shift incredibly. A typical grown-up has somewhere in the range of 2000 and 8000 tastebuds — certain individuals have fewer, bigger taste buds while others have a lot more modest taste buds.


So, the tongue is a special organ that is present in the mouth. Now we already know the number of taste buds present on the human tongue. This number can be different for different people.


Summary  

Like other organs in the human body, the tongue is another unique organ that works on its own and has specific functions attached to it like tasting with the help of taste buds, gulping, and providing enzymes for digestion. It has taste buds on the surface of the tongue which are nearly around 2000 to 8000 varying from person to person. The tongue is a super delicate organ and is known for its specialisation in one of the senses which is to taste and choose the food for the body correctly. Now that you have read this article, we hope you got hold of some important information about the human tongue and can share it with your friends.

FAQs on Human Tongue

1. What is the location of the tongue in the human body?

The tongue is a muscular organ. It is pink in colour. In a few cases, it differs a bit in colour. The tongue is located in the middle of the neck. It runs from the hyoid bone to the floor of the mouth.

2. Explain the importance of taste buds.

There are microscopic hairs on taste buds known as microvilli. They are sensitive. These microvilli are the structure that transfers messages to the brain about the taste of any food. Taste buds help us in judging the tastes like sweet, salty, sour, and bitter.

3. Explain the importance of the tongue.

The tongue is an important structure in our body. It can move and helps us in eating. It helps us suck in food and drinks as well. The tongue also helps in swallowing food. Because of the tongue, we can feel different tastes. The tongue helps us in speaking and talking too.