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Uses of PVC Plastic

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Last updated date: 01st Mar 2024
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Overview of PVC Plastic

PVC is the abbreviation for Polyvinyl Chloride, and it is one of the most used terms in the manufacturing industry. PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, is a special type of plastic used by various industries. Interestingly, it is the world’s third-most produced synthetic polymer of plastic after polyethylene and polypropylene.


This type of plastic is manufactured in bulk quantities for various purposes. They are highly used in our daily lives. PVC products are even appreciated by many for their cheaper rate. Further in this article, we will discuss the uses of PVC plastic, PVC products, PVC uses and properties, and the application of PVC.


What is PVC? 

PVC is a special synthetic polymer and is very flexible. This synthetic polymer was first synthesised way back in 1872 by Eugen Baumann. PVC is manufactured in two basic forms, rigid and flexible. The rigid version of this synthetic polymer is used in the construction of pipes and other building materials. It is also found in various food packets.


On other hand, the flexible version is found in pool liners, rainwear, boots, and many more. The appearance of PVC is white and brittle solid in nature. It is odourless and insoluble in water and ethanol. Interestingly, it is slightly soluble in tetrahydrofuran.


Polyvinyl Chloride


Polyvinyl Chloride


PVC Uses and Properties 

Properties of PVC are quite unique. PVC is highly used in various products because of its unique properties. One of the best reasons for such is that PVC is amorphous in nature. This means that this substance can easily be combined with other chemical substances. 


PVC Properties 

Some properties of PVC are the following

  • PVC is lightweight, sturdy, and most importantly, abrasion-resistant. 

  • This synthetic polymer is highly resistant to all the additional actions done by any inorganic chemicals. 

  • The durability of PVC is quite good, so one could expect a longer product life. 

  • The use of PVC in any product can help it protect from extreme climatic conditions. It is shock-free and corrosion-free in nature. 

  • The rigid version of PVC offers great tensile strength and is very rigid in nature. 

  • Due to its unique properties, PVC-manufactured objects do not need much maintenance and offer resistance to grease and other oils. 


PVC Uses 

In today’s world, PVC is mostly used in the manufacturing industry. The use of this product is increasing daily. It is because they require low manufacturing costs and do not need any maintenance. People can use it for a very long period. Here is a list of uses of PVC:- 

  • Electrical devices 

  • Electronics

  • Automotive sector 

  • Medical industry

  • Packing 

  • Construction


Applications of PVC 

PVC, when mixed with other chemical substances, gives great products for humans. This is one of the reasons why this is highly used in almost every industry. Now, here are some of the uses of PVC plastic:

  • The plastic version of PVC is highly used in flooring, which is known as PVC-U. On the other hand, the unplasticised version of this is used to make window frames. 

  • The rigid version of PVC plastic is used to make sewage pipelines and other pipe applications. Interestingly, the cost and lifespan of these pipes are way more than any other mixed products on the market. 

  • Both types of PVC are used in construction fields for insulation on electrical wires. They are also used for flooring in hospitals, homes, schools, institutions, and other areas. 

  • Industries like electrical, electronic, and automotive industries use it. 

  • PVCs are also largely used in the garden hose and leather upholstery. 

These were some of the applications or uses of PVC plastic around the world and its industries. PVC is widely used to make pipes because they are highly resistant to the attack by kerosene oil. In fact, not only kerosene oil but other dangerous acids and gases as well.


PVC Application


PVC Application 


PVC Products 

Other than in pipes PVC plastic is used or seen in everyday products. The biggest manufacturer of PVC plastic is Shintech in the United States. This manufacturing company plays a major role in the distribution of PVC around the world. Here are some PVC products: -

  • PVC insulated cables 

  • PVC flexible cables

  • PVC power cables

  • PVC-coated barbed wire 

  • Steel wire 

  • PVC cards 

  • Sleeves 

  • Wall panel

  • Pipe moulds

  • Foam boards 

These are some of the everyday products that PVC is used to manufacture. In fact, these products will have a longer lifespan than any other products.


PVC Pipes


PVC Pipes 


Summary 

PVC is a very special chemical product that was ever established in the human world. The use of this special plastic has saved a lot of money for humans and businesses around the world. Moreover, now we know the uses of PVC plastic, PVC products, what is PVC, and PVC uses and properties. We also know the reason behind the wide usage of PVC in making pipes because it was discussed in the above article. 

FAQs on Uses of PVC Plastic

1. How many types of PVC materials are there in the manufacturing world?

The manufacturing world has three broad classifications of PVC and they are: Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3. 

2. Which PVC pipe is known to be the strongest of all?

There are many PVC pipes in the market but, the strongest one is the Schedule 40 PVC pipe. This pipe is strong because it is highly rigid and can handle heavy-pressure applications. 

3. Is PVC water-resistant?

PVC plastic is not only water-resistant but it is fire-resistant as well. This is one of the reasons why it is highly used in various weather conditions.