Lead is a chemical element. Lead (Pb), is a sloppy, glittering white or greyish metal in group 14 of the periodic table. It is the worst leader of electricity. Lead is ductile, pliable, and dense. It is trusted by the alchemist to be the age of metals. It is a highly long-lasting element. Pb (plumbum) is the short form of the Latin word ‘Lead’. Its ores are extensively distributed. It has a short melting point, so it is simply melted. It was
used in ancient times to make statues, coins, utensils, and writing tablets. It was the first metal known to people. Lets learn more about the Lead in this article.
Uses of Lead
There are various uses of lead which are as follows:-
It may be used as a pure metal, as a chemical mixture, and alloyed with other metals.
It is used for the lead acid storage battery.
It is used in the building industry for lightning up or crumbling to turn aside water penetration.
It is used for lead pipes, pigments, cable sheathing, lead alloys, lead weights for scuba diving, ammunition, lead crystal glass, radiation protection, and car batteries.
It is used to make bearings, solder, and type metal.
It is frequently used to store abrasive liquids.
It is a metal that has been used since Roman times for making paints and pipes.
It is used for soldering parts of electrical equipment.
We use it as a shield.
Lead is used in alloys as an element in copper and steel.
Properties of Lead
There are some properties of lead which are as follows:-
It is bluish-white shining metal with soft, ductile, and highly hard.
It is very impervious to corrosion and tarnishes upon submission to air.
Its main properties include low melting point, ease of casting, high solidity, acid opposition, electrochemical reaction with sulfuric acid, chemical secretes in air, liquid, and solids, and mechanical vibration.
It is collected in the bodies of water organisms and soil organisms.
It cannot be broken down; it can only be turned into other forms.
It can enter the water through the erosion of pipes.
It occurs naturally in the environment.
It is usually found in zinc, copper, and silver and is inserted together with these metals.
Its atomic number is 82.
Its isotopes are 13 and were discovered by the ancients.
Lead Chemical Symbol
Lead is the chemical element with the symbol Pb which means ‘waterworks'. Pb is a short form or abbreviation of plumbum. Galena is an ore of this metal. It is classified as a post-transition metal. It was not clearly distinguished until the sixteenth century. Lead was referred to as plumbum ( black lead ). It was discovered in the Middle East (7000 BCE). The oldest known Pb-containing object made by human hands is a small statue found in Turkey. This chemical name Pb derives from the Anglo-Saxon lead, which is of unknown origin. The element was known from ancient times.
From this article, we have learned the definition of a lead element, its uses, its properties, and the chemical symbol of lead. Lead is the best and the most important element of the periodic table. So, it is important to learn about what is the lead element.