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Fun Facts About Wolves

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Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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Wolves: The Carnivore Animals

Kids, do you know what wild animals are? Wild animals are those animals that cannot be domesticated or kept as pets. They roam freely in the jungle and hunt other animals to survive. Wolves are animals that belong to the Carnivore group. They are spread all over the forests and mountain regions except in the hot deserts and tropical rainforests. You must have read some stories about wolves. Wolves are also regarded as the largest member of the dog family. They like to hunt in groups and are popularly known as “packs''.

In this article, we will learn about wolves, their different species, what they eat, and much more.

Features of a Wolf

Features of a Wolf 

What are Wolves and Their Characteristics?

Wolves are a type of mammal and are members of the Canidae family, which also includes dogs, coyotes, and foxes. They are found in various parts of the world, including North America, Europe, and Asia. Wolves typically live in forests, tundra, and grasslands but can also be found in mountainous areas and deserts.

They are opportunistic predators, and their diet includes large ungulates such as deer and elk, small mammals like beavers, and even fish and berries. In areas where ungulates are scarce, they may eat smaller animals such as hares, sheep and goats.

Though there are many things to know and discover about wolves, let us begin with some interesting facts about wolves.



Average Weight

Females - 60 to 80 pounds                                           Males - 70 to 110 pounds

Average Height

26 to 32 inches (at the shoulder)

Length Of Life

Up to 13 years (in the jungle)
Up to 16 years (in captivity)

Fur Colour

Grey but sometimes can also be black or white

Number of Teeth


Pack Size

5 to 8 or between 8 to 30

Travel Speed

5 miles per hour

Physical Features of Wolves

The physical features of wolves are as follows:

  • They have quite a large and heavy head.

  • One of the unique features of wolves is their “Winter Fur”. Winter fur is the fur the animals of very low-temperature regions have. This fur protects them from the cold in those regions.

  • Their ears are tall and pointed. They use the triangular shape of their ears to rotate their ears independently to hear the voices coming from different directions.

  • They have strong jaws, which help them grip their prey and tear and eat the flesh of other animals.

  • Wolves have five toes in the front and four toes on the back feet. 

Classifications of Wolves

Globally there are three types of species of wolves which are the grey wolf, the eastern wolf, and the red wolf that are recognized but within that, there are many other species of wolves that can be classified. Let us discuss some of these species and their subspecies.

The Grey Wolf

The Grey Wolf

The Grey Wolf

They are also known as Canis Lupus. They are the largest wild predators and are also called timber wolves. You can find them around The United States of America.

They prefer to live in packs and strictly believe in their social hierarchy. There are about 20-38 grey wolves in the world.

The Red Wolf

The Red Wolf

The Red Wolf

The red wolves are comparatively smaller than the grey wolves. Their fur is grey with some markings around their lips and eyes. They have long and thin legs.

The Eastern Wolf

The Eastern Wolf

The Eastern Wolf

The Eastern Wolf is smaller in size as compared to other wolves. It has a reddish-brownish coat. They have long black hair. One can locate this species in and around Canada and the United States.

The Tundra Wolf

The Tundra Wolf

The Tundra Wolf

The Tundra wolf, also known as the Arctic wolf, is an important part of the Arctic ecosystem. They are apex predators, playing a crucial role in controlling the population of their prey species, such as musk oxen, caribou, and Arctic hares. This helps to maintain balance in the ecosystem and prevent overgrazing of vegetation.

Tundra is a treeless region found in the Arctic and subarctic regions. It is characterized by low temperatures, strong winds, and a short growing season. The soil is permanently frozen and vegetation is limited to mosses, lichens, and small shrubs.

The Tundra wolf has adaptations that allow it to survive in this harsh environment. They have a thick, insulating coat that keeps them warm in cold temperatures, and a large body size that helps them store fat for energy during the long winters. 


The Mongolian Wolf

The Mongolian Wolf

The Mongolian Wolf

It is found in Mongolia and some parts of China, Korea, and Russia. It is on the verge of extinction and is protected in Mongolia.

The Indian Wolf

The Indian Wolf

The Indian Wolf

It is commonly found in India and sometimes in Pakistan and Iran. It has a unique fur coat and a reddish-grey upper body with a white belly and legs.

What Do Wolves Eat?

As we know, wolves are excellent hunters because of their rapid speed, swift body, unbelievable sense of smell, and incredible hearing ability that help them locate and find their prey. They are carnivorous animals who are best suited to catch, kill and eat other animals.

They hunt and eat hoofed animals like bison, elk, musk-oxen, caribou, deer, and moose, and also chase small mammals like hares, beavers, and rodents. 

Fun Facts For Kids

Now that we have collected some facts about wolves, let's share some interesting fun facts for kids:

  • Can you believe that the foot size of a wolf is about 5 inches long and 4 inches wide?

  • It is so astounding that an adult wolf can eat up to 20 pounds of meat in one meal.

  • A pack of wolves will always have 8-10, including the mother, father, and children.

  • Every herd of wolves has a different and unique howl. No two packs of wolves will have the same kind of howl.


One can form an opinion that wolves are the most deadly wild animals whereas contrary they are quite special and intelligent animals. Unlike the misconception, in reality, wolves are a very close-knit unit and are quite social, which is reflected in the way they show their extreme love and affection for their family. They hardly will harm others until they hunt for their food or they feel they are in danger.

Wolves have been an integral part of many fables, stories, and movies as well. In this article, we have read about those wolves only. What do they eat, where do they live, and how many types of them are there, these were some of the main points of discussion.

FAQs on Fun Facts About Wolves

1. Are there any threats to wolves in terms of their survival?

Like any other animals, wolves also have threats to their survival. Their primary threat is the loss of their habitat due to the destruction of the forests by humans for their development. And also a threat to their life because of hunting and persecution by humans for their selfish needs.

2. How do wolves communicate with each other?

Wolves communicate with the help of their body language, they mark their scent to communicate, by barking, growling, and howling in different tones. For them to survive their communication skills are very crucial.

3. Are wolves and foxes similar?

Wolves and foxes though belong to the same family but they do not belong to the same species and are completely different in their physical appearances, behaviour as well as in hunting methods. Foxes are much smaller than wolves and do not like to live in packs the way wolves do.