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Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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## Introduction - Mass and Weight

Mass and Weight

Mass is a body's matter. Humans have bones, muscles, tissues, and blood cells. They comprise the body's bulk. A person or thing on the moon may be weightless, but have the same mass everywhere. Weight is a quantity. In science and engineering, an object's weight is connected to its gravity or holding force. Weight measures an object's heft.

### What is Mass?

When you visit the doctor for a checkup, the doctor will often have you step on a scale to check your weight. But what if the office of your doctor was on the moon? Would you still weigh the same? No, you would be a lot lighter because there is no gravity. But you would be the same size as you are on Earth. How could that be? The idea of mass comes into play here.

It is the most fundamental property of matter and one of the most basic quantities in physics. We can say that the amount of matter in a body is its mass. The kilogram is the SI unit of mass (kg). A body's mass doesn't change at any point. Only in extreme situations where a lot of energy is given or taken from a body. For example, in a nuclear reaction, a small amount of matter is turned into a lot of energy, which makes the amount of matter in the substance smaller.

### What is Weight?

The shape of the Earth is not a perfect sphere but an oblate spheroid. This means that a person standing at the equator is farther from the Earth's centre than someone standing at the north pole. Since acceleration due to gravity is proportional to the inverse of the square of the distance between two objects, a person standing at the north pole would feel more weight because he is closer to the Earth's centre than someone standing at the equator.

The weight of something is how heavy or how much mass it has. One example of weight in science is the 100 pounds weight of a person.

### How is Weight Measured?

Newton is the same force unit for weight. The second law of motion can be used to compute it.

F = mg

Here, "mg" represents the Earth's gravitational acceleration, and "F" represents the object's weight in newtons.

### Weight

Mass can never be zero.

Weight can be zero. As in space, an object has zero weight if there is no gravity.

Mass is measured on a scalar scale. It has magnitude.

Weight is a vector value. It has size and moves toward the centre of the Earth or another gravitational well.

Most of the time, kilograms and grams are used to measure mass.

Newton is a common way to measure weight.

Mass doesn't change depending on where you are.

Weight changes depending on where you are.

A regular scale can be used to measure weight.

A spring balance is used to measure weight.

### What is Weightlessness?

The Weightlessness

Have you ever been in an elevator? Notice how you feel like you're getting lighter as the elevator goes down? That's because the weight you feel is your "perceived weight" or "effective weight." This is the force that the floor puts on you that is equal and opposite to the weight you put on it.

Now, if we remove the floor and let you fall freely, there is nothing to push against you. Because of this, you will feel like you don't have any weight, even though you move faster because of gravity and mass. The effective weight is zero, so this is what happens. Now, let's go back to our elevator. When the elevator goes down, it moves in the direction of gravity. This means that your weight goes down because the net acceleration due to gravity goes down.

The same thing happens to astronauts in the International Space Station. While the space station is orbiting the earth, everything in it, including the astronauts, is falling toward it, so the astronauts have no weight and can move around freely. The most important thing to remember in all these situations is that weight can go up or down depending on how fast something moves because of gravity, but mass stays the same.

### Facts About Weight and Mass

• The Greek word "maza," which means "lump of dough," is where the term "mass" originates.

• A metric tonne is equivalent to 1000 kg.

• Weight is a force in physics and has a Newton unit of measurement. The physicist Isaac Newton, who is credited with discovering gravity, is honoured with the name of this unit of measure.

• According to the Greek philosopher Plato, weight is the primary inclination of objects to seek their relatives.

• Gravity can change by up to 0.5%, depending on where we are on the Earth.

• The amount of mass in space is determined by its density.

• Things weigh more at sea level than at a mountain's peak.

### Conclusion

We often use the words "mass" and "weight" as if they mean the same thing in everyday life. But in science, Mass and weight are not the same. Mass is a way to measure how much matter is in something. It depends on what kind of atoms make up the object and how many of them there are. The weight of a pineapple or wooden baseball bat is about 1 kilogram.

## FAQs on Facts About Weight

1. What is weightlessness?

A state of free fall known as weightlessness occurs when the inertial force created by orbital flight or other scenarios negates gravity completely. It is felt since there is no longer a sense of weight. It occurs when no forces of contact act on the human body.

2. How do weight and mass relate to each other?

We know that weight equals the sum of a thing's mass and the force of gravity pulling on it. So, W = Mg, where w stands for weight, M is for mass and g is for the force of gravity. So, it can also be said that "an object's weight is directly related to its mass."

3. Is mass equivalent to size?

No, mass is distinct from both size and volume. This is so that the mass may be determined by the kind of atoms or molecules and their density. For instance, an object of comparable size composed of solid gold will have significantly more mass than a balloon filled with helium.