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Important Facts About The Largest Countries

Last updated date: 04th Mar 2024
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Largest Countries In the World

A country can be defined as an individual territorial body, a state or a nation. It can be a sovereign state or non-sovereign state. Sovereign state is a territory which is often represented by one centralised government. There are several countries in the world; Russia being the largest country and Vatican City being the smallest country in the world. Pitcan island has the smallest population and China has the largest population in the world. Countries are also distinguished as developing, underdeveloped and developed nations. 

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The World Map

Largest Countries by Area

Size of countries is determined by their area. Russia is the largest country in the world and has twice the amount of land and area as that of the United States of America and is about 1.5 times larger than China. It extends up to eleven time zones and shares borders with sixteen sovereign states. Moscow is not just the largest city of Russia but also the largest city of Europe. It is a transcontinental country. 

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Russia is The Largest Country

Geographical Features of Different Countries

  • Russia – It is the world's largest country and consists of planes, plateaus and mountains. There are two planes: the West Siberian plain and east Siberian plain. Russia also consists of three lowlands and these are north Siberian, Central yakutian and east Siberian. It consists of two plateaus: the central Siberian Plateau and the Lena Plateau.

  • China – The second largest country in the world after Russia. Main geographical features are mountain, deep river valleys, high  plateaus and sand dunes.

  • USA – It is the third largest country after Russia and China. Eastern part of the country consists of low mountains while the central part of the country consists of plains, and the western part consists of high mountains.

  • Canada – It consists of lots of lakes and rivers along with western mountains, central plains and forested eastern valleys.

  • Brazil – Brazil has five main geographical features. They are Guiana highland, Brazilian highland, Amazon lowland, coastal lowland and the pantanal.

Biggest Countries by Area

Russia tops the list of being the largest country in the world by area. Russia consists of 11% of the world's total land area. In numerical terms the area of Russia is about 17,098,240 square kilometres, which is the total area, while land area is about 16,376,800 square kilometres. The total area of any country consists of land and water bodies. Now the second biggest country in the world is Canada, having an area of 9,984,670 square kilometres. In terms of land area, the United States stands third in the list with land area 9,826,675 square kilometres.

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Image showing Biggest Countries by Area

Top 10 Biggest Countries in the World

  • Russia

  • Canada

  • China

  • United states

  • Brazil

  • Australia

  • India

  • Argentina

  • Kazakhstan

  • Algeria

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Top 10 Biggest Countries Flags 

Solved Questions

1. How is the area of any country calculated?

Ans: The calculation of area of any country is a very tedious work. For calculating the area of any country, we have to assume the country as some specific shape and then we can find the area of that shape. The area of the shape gives us the area of country. For example, we can consider Germany as a circle and then we can find the area of Germany.

2. In which place does India stand in terms of area?

Ans: India is also one of the largest countries in the world. Area wise, India stands to be the seventh largest country in the world.

3. Write some geographical characters of Russia.

Ans: Russia is the largest country in the area wise categorization. It has several notable geographical features, such as several different  mountains, plains and Plateau in Russia.


There are a wide range of countries in the world and they differ on the basis of their geographical areas. The largest country in the world is Russia and the smallest country is the Vatican City. These countries show great geographical variations too.

FAQs on Important Facts About The Largest Countries

1. Which country has the smallest population size?

Vatican City has the smallest population size. While, China has the highest population size in the world. 

2. With which countries does India share its international border?

India shares its international border with China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

3. What is the land area of any country?

The total area of land of any country within international boundaries is called land area. 

4. Choose the most populated countries among the options given below:

  1. China or India

  2. America or the United Kingdom 

  3. Brazil or Argentina

The most populated countries among the options are as follows: 

  1. China

  2. America

  3. Brazil

5. Which  is the largest country of Asia?

The largest country of Asia is China.