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Plants Facts for Kids

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Last updated date: 16th Jul 2024
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An Overview of Trees

The study of plants is called botany in scientific terms. Plant belongs to one of the five big groups of living things. Plants are autotrophs, autotrophs are those organisms which make their own food with the help of sunlight and water. The size of plants varies from a small plant called watermeal to the largest plant called redwood. Different shapes, sizes, and colours of different plants are found in different regions of the world. Plants are the basic unit of life on earth because they provide oxygen and consume carbon dioxide. They generate food for animals and humans. Species of plants include herbs, shrubs, bushes, grasses, trees, green algae, ferns, etc. 

Plant Facts for Kids

Plants are classified as living organisms, living organisms are those organisms which are made up of cells and perform certain activities for their survival. The parts of the plant are stems, leaves, roots, and flowers. Different parts of plants perform different work like roots transport water and nutrients from the soil to stem and then stem further transport water and nutrients to different parts of plant and leaves take sunlight from Sun which is used in making food. 2,00,000 plant species are found on earth.

Different Plant Species

Different Plant Species

Plant Information for Kids

Plants are very important for life on earth because the oxygen we breathe is provided by the plant and the food we eat is also provided by the plant. If plants are not present on the earth, life on the earth becomes difficult. We get food, fruit, medicine, wood, and shelter from plants. Almost 95% of our needs are fulfilled by the plants only. Plants grow from seeds from other plants.

Illustrating the Importance of Plants

Illustrating the Importance of Plants

Science Facts about Plants

  • Plants make their own food by the process of photosynthesis. Plants use sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to make food by the process of photosynthesis. Plants convert sunlight into chemical energy which is used in making food.

  • A lot of plant species are used for medicinal purposes.

  • Humans need oxygen to breathe and release carbon dioxide while plants need carbon dioxide to breathe and release oxygen, so both plants as well as humans are necessary for each other.

  • Roots of plants transfer water and nutrients from the soil to the plant.

  • Stem in plants used to transport water and nutrients in different parts of the plant.

  • Leaves are used for taking light from the Sun which is used in the process of photosynthesis.

  • Some plants are poisonous. By touching some plants, we get rashes on our skin.

Process of Photosynthesis

Process of Photosynthesis

Amazing Plant Facts

  • In this article, we learned that plants are heterotrophs which make their own food as well as food for animals and humans but you know that some plants are Carnivorous. Carnivorous are those organisms which eat other living things like insects and meat, so some plants eat insects as their food.

  • About two lakh different plant species are found on earth.

  • Some plants try to defend themselves by injecting poisonous fluid whenever they are touched.

  • Honey bees help plants in pollination. Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from another to female stigma.

  • Almost 85% of plant species are found in oceans.

  • The food humans eat comes from just about 30 plants.

  • Plants can feel and smell.

  • A plant called bamboo can grow up to 1 metre  in one day.

  • The country called Brazil gets its name from the Brazilwood tree.




In this article, we learnt some interesting facts about plants. Plants are very essential for life on Earth. Plants provide us food, fodder, shelter, and oxygen. Almost 2 lakhs pieces of plant I found on earth out of which 85% of species are found in oceans. Plants are used for most medicinal purposes. Plants are autotrophs which make their own food and also provide food to other living organisms.

FAQs on Plants Facts for Kids

1. Name the largest plant on earth?

Rosewood is the largest tree on earth.

2. What is essential for the growth of plants?

Sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide are essential for plant growth.

3. What is the use of roots in plants?

Roots are used for the transport of water and nutrients from the soil to the stem.

4. What are the uses of plants?

Plants are essential for life on earth because plants provide us oxygen, food, shelter, wood, etc.