Any new phenomenon that is newly described has to get through a bunch of major world scientific associations which check the described phenomenon’s accuracy and logical aspects before bringing the findings to people’s notice.
In simpler words, any big exam you write is reviewed by 2 if not 3 teachers to make sure that the written information you have given in it is accurate. So these teachers or scientific associations in our case, look for theories and laws that are an important part of this new phenomenon being found. So what is a law? How is it different from a theory? Let’s jump into the details in the following sections.
How Different is a Theory from a Law?
What is a Theory?
Let’s take a scientific process to understand the contrast between a theory and a law.
Gravity! Why do we need gravity? What makes gravity’s existence so important? These questions are usually explained by a scientific theory definition.
A theory is an explanation of WHY a process occurs. It makes us appreciate the need for a particular natural phenomenon. Along with that, it also describes several other pieces of information about a phenomenon like vital observations and results related to it.
One famous example of a theory is “the big bang theory” which is all about how the universe we live in right now started as a tiny dot of matter billions of years ago. It is a super interesting theory backed by relevant evidence and factual information.
The Big Bang Theory
What is a Law?
More often than not, once the theory of a process is out, scientists carry out various experiments and bring about another set of observations. Before you guess, yes! These consequent sets of observations come out as laws.
A scientific law is a description of the phenomenon observed. It does not talk about why the phenomenon is important. It predominantly deals with HOW a process occurs.
A well-known example of a scientific law is Newton’s Laws of Motion which describe how different physical quantities affect the motion of an object.
Newton’s Laws of Motion
How Is a Theory Different from a Law?
To compare the contrasting features of these two concepts, let’s tabulate the theory vs law in the following points. Here, we will see the difference between law and theory as follows:
Theories and laws are important parts of any scientific phenomenon. Though they are two different things, they are involved in explaining the working and necessity of a scientific process. A scientific theory is defined as something that explains the necessity of a particular process. It explains WHY a process occurs in nature and how we are dependent on it by different natural setups. Evolution and gravity are two theories present in science. A scientific law is defined as a statement that explains the working of a process. It deals with HOW a process occurs in nature under several experimental, controlled setups.