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Articles, Prepositions and Conjunctions

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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Meaning and Definitions

Article and prepositions form a sentence and give meaning to different aspects of a noun while conjunctions act as a bridge between them. A preposition is a word or set of words that come before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to indicate a direction, time, place, location, or to introduce an object. Words like "at," "in," "to," "of," and "on" are examples of prepositions. A conjunction is a word that connects sentences together. Articles are made up of the words a, an, and the. To provide meaning to nouns, articles are used before them.  

Articles, Prepositions and Conjunctions
A man waiting
Table with things

Articles, Prepositions and Conjunctions

What are Articles, Prepositions and Conjunctions?

There are different parts of speech in English grammar, and among them come parts of speech prepositions, articles and conjunctions. One may think that an article can be replaced with a preposition or conjunction sentences. However, it is important to know that articles, conjunctions and prepositions are different. To avoid confusion let us learn what are preposition words, articles and conjunction words and their types. 

Types of Prepositions




Preposition of Time

It allows one to talk about a certain time period, be it a date, one of the days of the week, or the actual time of the event.

Example: at, on, in 

A cat and a box

Preposition of Place/Location

Relation of two things with respect to place is described here. Although the prepositions words are the same as that of time, usage is different.

Example: at, on, in 

Front door

The items are placed on the table.

Preposition of Direction/Motion

Motion of an object towards another and in which direction is described by prepositions of direction or motion. 

Example: to, across, in, on into, onto, through, towards, along, among, around etc.

Untidy Room

Types of Articles

Different Types

Article sentences meaning

Examples of articles in sentences

Definite article

The definite article which is the word ‘the,’ is used before a noun to show that the reader is aware of the word's identity.

A Cafe

The front door was locked.

Indefinite article

The determiner here are ‘a’ and ‘an’ which is used to introduce something unknown

Coordinating Conjunctions

It is an untidy room.

Different Types of Conjunctions


Meaning & List of Conjunctions


Coordinating Conjunction

It is a word or phrase that connects two parallel words, phrases, or separate clauses.


Cat standing before the vase


Anjan and Mohit went to a cafe for brunch.



A conjunction that connects the main clause to a clause that does not stand alone as a complete sentence.

Example: although, before, after, because, if, how, once, so, since, that, unless, until, when etc.


The cat is standing before the vase.

Correlative Conjunction

They are a pair of words that operate together to connect two sections of a phrase that have the same value or are related.

Either/or, not/nor, only/but, neither/nor, whether/or, not/but. 

A bench

Neha neither liked oranges nor does she like peaches.

Practice Exercise

A. Underline the Prepositions 

1. We played in the park.

Table Fan


Ans: We played in the park.

2. Shyam is sitting on a bench.

A little girl

A Bench

Ans: Shyam is sitting on a bench.

3. The fan is above the table.

Terrified Girl

Table Fan

Ans: The fan is above the table.

B. Fill in the Blanks of the Sentence Using Articles

1. Malti was wearing __ a beautiful blue dress and red hair bands.

A. a

B. and

C. Both A and B

D. None of the above 

An Owl

A little girl

Ans: Option A. a

2. Preesha was ____ hour late for the exam

A. a

B. an

C. Both A and B

D. None of the above 

Board Games

Terrified Girl

Ans: Option B. an

3. ___ Owl is ___ bird.

A. A, an

B. An, a

C. Both A and B

D. None of the above 

A patient girl

An Owl

Ans: Option B. An, a

C. Identify the Conjunction in a Sentence

1. If you practice a lot you will win the match.

A bag

Board Games

Ans: If 

2. Although Megha is usually patient she lost her temper.


A patient girl

Ans: Although

3. My bag is big whereas yours is small.


A Bag

Ans: whereas

Do it Yourself 

A. Identify the Preposition in the Sentences below

1. The red marker is beside the laptop.

Dog under a table


2. The fruits were kept in the refrigerator.

Art Museum


3. The dog is under the table.


Dog under a table

B. Underline the Articles in the Following Sentences.

1. The gallery was filled with interesting pieces of art.

A kid

Art Museum

2. She was mesmerized by a purple butterfly painting.



3. He is an honest kid.

A Bike

A Kid

C. Fill in the Blanks with Suitable Conjunctions

1. I would rather go somewhere else ________ I have already been there.

A. as

B. since

C. because

D. All of the above

Thinking of an answer


2. She could not balance _____ she fell off her bike.

A. and

B. so

C. nor

D. but

seo images

A Bike

3. I know the answer ____ I will not tell you.

A. but

B. and

C. for

D. nor

seo images

Thinking of an answer

FAQs on Articles, Prepositions and Conjunctions

1. What are the many types of English conjunctions?

A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, and clauses together. There are many different kinds of conjunctions in English, but some of the more common ones are and, or, but, because, for, if, and when. Conjunctions are divided into three categories: correlative, coordinating and subordinating.

2. What does the term "preposition" mean?

A preposition is a term that shows how a noun is related to the other words in a sentence. They describe the connections between the phrase's object and the rest of the sentence in terms of sequence, space, and logic. They help us understand time connections, order and positions.

3. What role do articles have in English grammar?

An article is a word that modifies a noun, such as a person, place, object, or idea. Articles are important in the English language because they convey information about the noun they are placed prior to. Learning and carefully using a few basic concepts can help enhance article usage.