Articles, Prepositions and Conjunctions

VSS 2022

Meaning and Definitions

Article and prepositions form a sentence and give meaning to different aspects of a noun while conjunctions act as a bridge between them. A preposition is a word or set of words that come before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to indicate a direction, time, place, location, or to introduce an object. Words like "at," "in," "to," "of," and "on" are examples of prepositions. A conjunction is a word that connects sentences together. Articles are made up of the words a, an, and the. To provide meaning to nouns, articles are used before them.  


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What are Articles, Prepositions and Conjunctions?

There are different parts of speech in English grammar, and among them come parts of speech prepositions, articles and conjunctions. One may think that an article can be replaced with a preposition or conjunction sentences. However, it is important to know that articles, conjunctions and prepositions are different. To avoid confusion let us learn what are preposition words, articles and conjunction words and their types. 


Types of Prepositions

Type

Meaning

Examples

Preposition of Time

It allows one to talk about a certain time period, be it a date, one of the days of the week, or the actual time of the event.


Example: at, on, in 


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Preposition of Place/Location

Relation of two things with respect to place is described here. Although the prepositions words are the same as that of time, usage is different.

Example: at, on, in 


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The items are placed on the table.

Preposition of Direction/Motion

Motion of an object towards another and in which direction is described by prepositions of direction or motion. 


Example: to, across, in, on into, onto, through, towards, along, among, around etc.


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Types of Articles

Different Types

Article sentences meaning


Examples of articles in sentences

Definite article

The definite article which is the word ‘the,’ is used before a noun to show that the reader is aware of the word's identity.


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The front door was locked.

Indefinite article

The determiner here are ‘a’ and ‘an’ which is used to introduce something unknown


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It is an untidy room.


Different Types of Conjunctions

Types 

Meaning & List of Conjunctions

Examples

Coordinating Conjunction



It is a word or phrase that connects two parallel words, phrases, or separate clauses.


Example:


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Anjan and Mohit went to a cafe for brunch.

Subordinating

Conjunction



A conjunction that connects the main clause to a clause that does not stand alone as a complete sentence.


Example: although, before, after, because, if, how, once, so, since, that, unless, until, when etc.


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The cat is standing before the vase.

Correlative Conjunction



They are a pair of words that operate together to connect two sections of a phrase that have the same value or are related.


Either/or, not/nor, only/but, neither/nor, whether/or, not/but. 


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Neha neither liked oranges nor does she like peaches.


Practice Exercise

A. Underline the Prepositions 

1. We played in the park.


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Ans: We played in the park.


2. Shyam is sitting on a bench.


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Ans: Shyam is sitting on a bench.


3. The fan is above the table.


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Ans: The fan is above the table.


B. Fill in the Blanks of the Sentence Using Articles

1. Malti was wearing __ a beautiful blue dress and red hair bands.

A. a

B. and

C. Both A and B

D. None of the above 


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Ans: Option A. a


2. Preesha was ____ hour late for the exam

A. a

B. an

C. Both A and B

D. None of the above 


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Ans: Option B. an


3. ___ Owl is ___ bird.

A. A, an

B. An, a

C. Both A and B

D. None of the above 


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Ans: Option B. An, a


C. Identify the Conjunction in a Sentence

1. If you practice a lot you will win the match.


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Ans: If 


2. Although Megha is usually patient she lost her temper.


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Ans: Although


3. My bag is big whereas yours is small.


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Ans: whereas


Do it Yourself 

A. Identify the Preposition in the Sentences below

1. The red marker is beside the laptop.

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2. The fruits were kept in the refrigerator.


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3. The dog is under the table.


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B. Underline the Articles in the Following Sentences.

1. The gallery was filled with interesting pieces of art.


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2. She was mesmerized by a purple butterfly painting.


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3. He is an honest kid.


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C. Fill in the Blanks with Suitable Conjunctions

1. I would rather go somewhere else ________ I have already been there.

A. as

B. since

C. because

D. All of the above


2. She could not balance _____ she fell off her bike.

A. and

B. so

C. nor

D. but


3. I know the answer ____ I will not tell you.

A. but

B. and

C. for

D. nor


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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the many types of English conjunctions?

A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, and clauses together. There are many different kinds of conjunctions in English, but some of the more common ones are and, or, but, because, for, if, and when. Conjunctions are divided into three categories: correlative, coordinating and subordinating.

2. What does the term "preposition" mean?

A preposition is a term that shows how a noun is related to the other words in a sentence. They describe the connections between the phrase's object and the rest of the sentence in terms of sequence, space, and logic. They help us understand time connections, order and positions.

3. What role do articles have in English grammar?

An article is a word that modifies a noun, such as a person, place, object, or idea. Articles are important in the English language because they convey information about the noun they are placed prior to. Learning and carefully using a few basic concepts can help enhance article usage.

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