Male Reproductive System

What is Reproduction?

Reproduction can be defined as the biological process of producing its own offspring of the same kind. It is one of the important and continuous processes that helps in providing the chain of species generation after generations.

There are Two Types of Reproduction Process:

  • Sexual

  • Asexual

Diagram of Male Reproductive System

(Image 1 attached) 

Male Reproductive System

The male reproductive organs includes testes, scrotum, spermatic ducts, sex glands, and penis. All these organs unite to produce sperms, male gamete, and other components of semen.

  • Penis and Urethra form the part of reproductive and urinary systems.

  • Scrotum, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, testicles(testes), and prostate are all the remaining reproductive systems of males. 

The Penis has a root that is joined to the structures of both the pelvic bones and lower abdominal (the shaft’s visible part) glands that have a cone-shaped end. Urethra’s opening is the way that carries semen and urine and lies at the tip of the penis. Corona forms the base of the penis. 

What are the Organs/Structure of Male Reproductive System ?

Some of the organs of male reproductive system consists of the following - 

  • Penis

It involves three cylindrical spaces of erectile tissue. The two which are larger, the corpora cavernosa lie side by side and the third one is sinus, called corpus spongiosum covering the urethra. The penis becomes rigid when these spaces are loaded by the blood.

  • Scrotum

It is a thick skin that protects and surrounds the tests from the outer temperature. It helps to control the temperature of the tests since it is important to be slightly at lower temperature than the body temperature for suitable sperm creation. The muscles in the wall help the tests to hang far off from the body or shrink to pull them closer whenever protection and warmth is required.

  • Testes

Testes are oval in shape with around 1.5 to 3 inches in length. Generally, the left testis slightly hangs lower as compared to the right one.

The Two Primary Functions of Tests are as Follows:

  • Producing testosterone – a male sex hormone.

  • Producing sperms -a carrier of man’s genes.

The Seminal vesicles are present over the prostate, linked with the vas deferens to create the ejaculatory ducts that travel through the prostate. The seminal vesicles and prostate produce a fluid which nourishes the sperm. This fluid provides maximum volume of the semen, the fluid wherein the sperm is ejected during ejaculation.

  • Urethra

It is a tube like structure that connects the urinary bladder to the urinary meatus. In males, the urethra is through the penis and is mainly involved in two main functions:

  • This region is included in the urinary tract that takes urine from the bladder where semen is ejaculated.

  • The Prostate is placed below the bladder which covers the urethra. The prostate grows larger with age. Prostate growth can be a serious reason for urine blockage if it grows  too much. 

Functions of Male Reproductive System 

The organs of the male reproductive system perform the following functions:

  • Helps to produce, maintain and transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and protective fluid (semen)

  • To discharge the sperm within the female reproductive tract

  • To produce and secrete male sex hormones

Function of Sperm Duct

The sperm ducts are a complex set of structure of different types which has the following functions in two fold: - 

  1. To allow the movement of sperm from the testicles to the outside of the body

  2. To allow the maturation of the sperm cells themselves

Diagram of Sperm Duct

(Image attached)

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Define Reproduction 

Ans - Reproduction is the biological process of producing its own offspring of the same kind. It is one of the essential processes that helps in providing the continuation of the species generation after generations.

Q2. What are the Types of Reproduction? 

Ans - There are two different types of reproduction:

  • Sexual reproduction.

  • Asexual reproduction.

Q3. What is the Structure of Male Reproductive System? 

Ans - Some of the organs of male reproductive system consists of the following - 

  • Penis

It involves three cylindrical spaces of erectile tissue. The two which are larger, the corpora cavernosa lie side by side and the third one is sinus, called corpus spongiosum covering the urethra. The penis becomes rigid when these spaces are filled by the blood.

  • Scrotum

It is a thick skin that protects and surrounds the tests from the outer temperature. It helps to control the temperature of the tests since it is important to be slightly at lower temperature than the body temperature for suitable sperm creation. The muscles in the wall help the tests to hang far off from the body or shrink to pull them closer whenever protection and warmth is required.

  • Testes

Testes are oval bodies of around 1.5 to 3 inches in length. Generally, the left testis hangs slightly down than the right one.

The two primary functions of tests are as follows:

  • Producing testosterone – a male sex hormone.

  • Producing sperms -a carrier of man’s genes.

The Seminal vesicles are present over the prostate, linked with the vas deferens to create the ejaculatory ducts that travel through the prostate. The seminal vesicles and prostate generate fluid makes the sperm healthy. This fluid provides maximum volume of the semen, the fluid wherein the sperm is ejected during ejaculation.

  • Urethra

It is a tube like structure that connects the urinary bladder to the urinary meatus. In males, the urethra is through the penis and is mainly involved in two main functions:

  • This region is included in the urinary tract that takes urine from the bladder where semen is ejaculated.

  • The Prostate exists beneath the bladder and covers the urethra. The prostate grows larger with age. Prostate growth can be a serious reason for urine blockage if it grows  too much. 

Q4. What is the Function of Sperm Duct? 

Ans - The sperm ducts are a complex set of structure of different types which has the following functions in two fold: - 

  1. To allow the transit of sperm from the testicles to the outside of the body

  2. To allow the maturation of the sperm cells themselves