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# Class 8 Revision Notes CBSE Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 05th Aug 2024
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## Revision Notes for CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 11 - Free PDF Download

Class 8 Science is an excellent subject that prepares a brilliant foundation for the students to rely on and proceed to the higher classes. This syllabus has a chapter dedicated to force and pressure. The 11th chapter will discuss what force is and how many types of forces are there. In this chapter, you will learn how force is generated with proper examples. This is a very fundamental chapter of Physics that students have to learn. Hence, you will need the assistance of the revision notes of Chapter Force and Pressure Class 8 so that you can simplify the new concepts and concentrate on developing your base of knowledge.

The experienced teachers of Vedantu know where the students face issues to understand these new concepts. They have used simplified language to make these concepts easy to grasp and use them to answer questions. These Science Class 8 Chapter 11 notes can be downloaded in PDF format for free and can be accessed offline. You can use them at your convenience and revise this chapter before an exam. Let us check how these revision notes can help you learn and remember the new concepts of force and pressure.

## Important Topics Covered in CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 11

Here are the important topics included in Chapter 11 of CBSE Class 8 Science. Have a look at them to know what the chapter is all about and remember to focus on them as these topics are crucial from examination points of view.

• Force – A Push or a Pull

• Forces are due to an Interaction

• Exploring Forces

• A Force can Change the State of Motion

• Force can Change the Shape of an Object

• Contact Forces

1. Muscular Force

2. Friction

• Non-contact Forces

1. Magnetic Force

2. Electrostatic Force

3. Gravitational Force

• Pressure

• Pressure Exerted by Liquids and Gases

• Atmospheric Pressure

Also, check CBSE Class 8 Science revision notes for other chapters:

## Access Class 8 Science Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure

### Definition of Force:

• Force is defined as a push or a pull on an object, which changes or tends to change the state of rest or uniform motion of the object.

• It may lead to a change in the direction or shape of the object.

• Some of the cases which involve force are simple actions like opening a pencil box/lunch box, kicking a football, lifting a box, pushing a chair etc.

• In all these cases, a push or pull is being exerted on the object to change its state of motion. Like the closed pencil box is being opened, the football moves on kicking etc.

Unit of force: Force is represented in the SI units as Newton.

### Effects of Force:

1. A force is a resultant of the interaction between two objects. If we consider football, then it will not move unless a person kicks it. So, it is an interaction between the person and the football which creates a force that results in its movement.

2. A force has strength which is known as magnitude as well as direction. The magnitude of the applied force can be large, small or it can also be equal. The force can be applied in the same or opposite direction to each other. These change the effect of the force on the object. It is easy to push a heavy object in the same direction by two people instead of two people pushing it in opposite directions to move it.

3. A force may bring about a change in the speed or the direction of motion or both of an object. This implies that the object has undergone a change in its state of motion. If we consider a football being kicked by a player, then the kick sets the stationary ball into motion towards the direction in which it is being kicked. The amount of force exerted on the object decides the speed of the object.

4. A force that is acting on an object may tend to bring a change in its shape. The dough can be rolled into chapatis by applying force and rolling them.

5. A force can act on an object by being in contact with it or by not being in contact with it.

### Types of Forces:

There are two types of forces based on whether the force acting on the object is by being in contact with it or not. Further, each of them can be subdivided according to the type of contact or non-contact force being applied.

1. Contact Forces: A force that acts on an object when it is in contact with the body is called a contact force. The point of application of force on the object is called the point of application of the force or the point of contact.

The contact forces can be categorised as follows:

• Muscular Force: A force that is exerted as the result of the action of the muscles in our body is termed a muscular force. We use the muscular force to carry out some of our bodily actions like breathing, digestion etc. The animals like buffalo, camels or horses use their muscular force to get activities done for us like ploughing, pulling, or carrying the load.

• Frictional Force: A frictional force is one that opposes the motion of an object and it always acts in the direction opposite to the motion of the object. This can be understood when a boat stops moving when we stop rowing. This is due to the frictional force between the boat and the water.

2. Non-Contact Forces: A force that does not involve any kind of physical contact between two objects on which they act is called a non-contact force.

The non-contact forces can be categorised as follows:

• Magnetic Force: A force exerted by a magnet on objects made of iron, steel, cobalt, or nickel without being in contact with them is termed as a magnetic force.

• Electrostatic Force: A force that is exerted by a charged body on another charged or uncharged body is termed as an electrostatic force. It may result in the repulsion of similar charges like if we bring two straws rubbed with paper [charged] near each other and attraction of opposite charges if we bring a charged straw near an uncharged straw.

• Gravitational Force: A force that is exerted by each and every object in the world on another object which is an attractive force, is termed as gravitational force.

### Pressure:

1. The unit force that acts on the per unit area of a surface is called pressure. The relationship between pressure and force can be defined as,

\$Pressure = \dfrac{force}{area\;on\;which\;it\;acts}\$.

2. It is easy to push a nail into a wooden board with its pointed end instead of the head as the smaller area exerts a larger pressure for the same amount of force and the nail goes into the wood easily with one push.

3. The unit of measurement for pressure in the SI system, is Newton per square metre which is equal to 1 Pascal (Pa).

4. It is seen that fluids and gases also exert pressure like solids.

5. A solid generally exerts pressure in the downward direction only, which is mostly due to its weight.

6. On the contrary, liquids and gases exert pressure in all directions. It can be noted that when a water pipe leaks, you can see fountains of water coming in all directions. This is because the water exerts pressure on the wall of the pipes. Similarly, when a balloon has holes, the air escapes in all directions. So this shows that the liquids and gases exert pressure on the walls of their container.

### Atmosphere:

1. The thick blanket of air that surrounds the earth above its surface is termed as atmosphere.

2. The pressure that is exerted by this column of air in the atmosphere is called atmospheric pressure. It is this pressure that allows a rubber sucker to stay attached to the surface.

3. We cannot feel this tremendous atmospheric pressure that surrounds us. This is so because the fluid pressure inside our bodies actually counter-balances the atmospheric pressure that surrounds us.

### Force and Pressure: Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Revision Notes Summary

The chapter will introduce you to the concepts of force. Previously, you have learned the different kinds of forces simply. This time, you will learn how force is defined and classified into different types. The introductory section will also describe how this physical quantity is measured and the unit is determined. Once you study this chapter, you will understand how vast this concept will become in the next classes. Follow the Science Class 8 Chapter 11 notes to find a simple revision note on the definition and explanation of force.

Proceeding further in Ch 11 Science Class 8 notes, you will find the description and differentiation between push and pull. It will be described using proper illustration so that you can remember the concept. You will then learn about magnetic force. This force is the perfect example of a non-contact force that we cannot see or feel but can witness the effect. In magnetic force, we will discuss attraction, repulsion, and rotation caused by the two magnetic poles.

On proceeding further, the force will be classified into different kinds. It is generally described into two sections, push or pull. In this chapter, students will learn friction force, gravity, magnetic force, applied force, buoyancy, tension, drag force, spring force, etc. Moving on to the advanced concept level, the chapter will also teach how to calculate the net force acting on a body. The preliminary idea of net force or resultant force will be described to the students. Here, you might need the assistance of notes on Force and Pressure Class 8 to understand the meaning of resultant or net force. This concept will then be used in the higher classes of Physics to learn more about forces.

In the next section, students will get accustomed to the concept of the state of motion. Velocity and speed will be explained and differentiated. You will learn different types of forces with appropriate descriptions and examples. Find them in the notes on Force and Pressure Class 8. The next section will proceed to thrust and pressure. After understanding what force is, you will find grasping the definition of thrust easy. In this section, you will figure out how to calculate pressure. Interesting facts and concepts will be demonstrated in this part of the chapter.

Learn how pressure is distributed in a liquid and how it is conveyed to all the parts of a container. This section will also discuss how the same force falling on a smaller area creates higher pressure and vice versa. Every new concept will be discussed using proper examples and illustrations in the chapter. You will find a concise description of these concepts in the NCERT Science Class 8 Chapter 11 notes. You will next proceed to learn buoyancy, the physical phenomenon that decides whether a body will float in a liquid or not.

## Key Features of CBSE Class 8 Science Revision Notes for Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

If you are wondering why you should download the CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 11 revision notes PDF, read the given below reasons to clarify your doubts.

• Refer to these notes if you want to go through the entire chapter quickly a day before the exam. The easy-to-understand writing format of the notes with simple language will aid you in the process.

• The comprehensive revision notes in a concise format are suitable for students who want to-the-point study resources to brush up on their concepts.

• Being expert-curated, our Science notes are completely factually correct and contain all the essential information covering each concept in the chapter.

• The free PDF download feature of the revision notes makes them the first choice of students who want to access the best quality study resources without paying extra and in the comfort of their homes.

If you are someone who doesn't like to make notes or even think that it is a waste of time, then these revision notes are the perfect study material for you. So, download the Force and Pressure Class 8 CBSE Science Chapter 11 Revision Notes today and excel in your exams, along with improvement in your subject knowledge.

## Conclusion

Vedantu's provision of free PDF downloads for Class 8 Revision Notes on CBSE Science Chapter 11 - "Force and Pressure"  is a valuable asset for students. These notes distill complex scientific concepts into a concise and comprehensible format, making it easier for students to grasp the principles of force and pressure. Vedantu's commitment to providing these resources for free ensures equitable access to quality educational materials, benefiting students from diverse backgrounds. These revision notes not only enhance scientific comprehension but also empower students to excel in their CBSE Science exams, fostering academic success. Vedantu's dedication to education and scientific knowledge is highly commendable.

## FAQs on Class 8 Revision Notes CBSE Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure (Free PDF Download)

1. What is the difference between force and pressure?

If Class 8 Science Chapter 11 notes, you will find that force is something that causes a change in motion. The pressure is something that is created on the surface due to the application of force.

2. What is the unit of force and pressure?

The unit of force is Newton and the unit of pressure is Pascal.

3. How can you prepare this chapter well?

Study this chapter section-wise and learn the concepts well. Follow the classroom sessions, prepare your own notes, and answer the questions. Once you are done with the chapter, proceed to Class 8 Science Ch 11 notes to revise.

4. What is Chapter 11 all about?

Chapter 11 of Class 8 Science focuses on introducing students to the concepts of force and pressure, and hence the title is mentioned so. Students learn the definitions of both force and pressure through which they realize that the concepts are very deep and beyond their current level of study. For a Class 8 level, force is defined as any push or pull which acts on the surface of an object.

5. What is pressure in reference to Class 8 Science?

Pressure is the force that is acting on a unit area of space. To learn more about the concept students can use the revision notes available on Vedantu. They are written in an easy way and are easy to understand. They cover all the necessary information related to the topic.

6. Why should one refer to Vedantu’s revision notes?

Most students refer to Revision Notes because of one reason: Vedantu provides revision notes of concepts in a student-friendly manner. Chapter 11 of Class 8 Science is no exception. In this chapter, students start learning about the concept of force and how force has many applications. Since their current level of education sometimes cannot help them comprehend the depth of the concept these revision notes help clear the topic.

7. What is the main idea or concept of Chapter 11 of Class 8 Science?

In Class 8, Chapter 11 of science is named ‘Force and Pressure’. The concepts of force and pressure are very important in science as these are the basics of all higher concepts. The basics of force are started for Class 8 students in this chapter. Any push or a pull that acts on an object can be given the name of the force. Therefore, the pressure becomes the force acting on a unit area of space. These are the concepts in the chapter.

8. Why are revision notes beneficial in learning Chapter 11 of Class 8 Science?

Vedantu’s revision notes are helpful because of the accuracy and simple principles that they convey. This is the reason that students choose their notes. These notes are written by professionals who have a solid understanding of the subject at hand, and using these notes is beneficial to students because Chapter 11 of Class 8 Science is all about the concept of force. With these notes, students can smoothly grasp concepts as they can be easily memorised. These notes can be accessed on the official website of Vedantu and Vedantu's mobile app. All the resources are free of cost.