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Who wrote the book ‘Hind Swaraj’?
A. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
B. Moti Lal Nehru
C. Mahatma Gandhi
D. Subhash Chandra Bose

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Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
Total views: 385.2k
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Answer
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Hint:
Hind Swaraj means Indian Home Rule is in a dialogic form between the Editor and the reader. This book was written in the Gujarati language. The big idea Gandhiji proposes in Hind Swaraj is that of Indian nationalism's composite nature. In “ Hind Swaraj” Gandhiji argues that, long before the British came, Indians were a nation.

Complete answer:
Hind Swaraj was written by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, he wrote in his native language Gujrati. This book was written by Gandhiji while he was travelling from London to South Africa onboard SS Kildonan Castle. This was written between November 13 and November 22 in the year 1909.

On publication, the Gujarati version of the book was banned by the British as a seditious text in British India. Thus, Gandhiji translated this book in English language and this edition was not banned by the British and concluded that this book will have a little impact on the Indians who speak English and subservience to the British and British ideas.

The main primary issues that the Hind Swaraj deals are:

> It is a critique of modern civilization.
> The Indian Swaraj’s nature and structure and the means and methods to achieve it.
> In the book, Gandhiji has also written about the major developments such as industries, railways and the emergence of new elites like lawyers and doctors that only led to the impoverishment of India.

Therefore, the correct answer is C

Note:
The main central ideas of the book were Malaise of Modern Civilization, English educational system, Swaraj of the Hind Swaraj, Indian Nationhood, Vision of an Alternative society and the relevance in today’s India.

He rejects the British thesis in Hind Swaraj that India has never been a nation. Rather, it has always been a cluster of diverse views and cultures. He believes that by setting up pilgrimage centres on the four corners of India, our seers and sages laid the cornerstone of our national unity and Indian nationhood.