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Write a short note on Indian first artificial satellite Aryabhatta.

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: An artificial object or a celestial body that revolves around any planet or moon is a satellite. The earth can be considered the sun's satellite, while the moon is the earth's satellite. All of them are natural satellites. Other satellites are also man-made and launched into the orbits of planets and moons.

Complete answer:
Aryabhata, India's first artificial satellite, was named after Aryabhatta, a famous Indian mathematician. It was launched from the Baikonur Space Centre in the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975 (Russia). His main job was studying the atmosphere of the Earth.

Additional Information:
The national space research organization of India is referred to as the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). ISRO's head office is located in Bengaluru. Two satellite launch vehicles, the polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV) and the geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle, were developed by ISRO (GSLV). Satellites are launched for different purposes, such as communication, navigation, weather, collection of data, remote sensing, etc. ISRO has quite a large number of satellites for earth-observation. The Indian National Satellite System (INSAT) is the Asia-Pacific region's largest domestic communication system.

Region of Asia-Pacific. In 1983, it was commissioned. India's Chandrayan lunar orbiter satellite was launched in 2008Water was discovered in the form of ice on the surface of the moon. A huge success was the Mars orbiter mission launched in 2013, making India the first country to succeed in its maiden Mars attempt. The satellite was named after Aryabhata, the great Indian mathematician. The Rohini satellite was the first satellite to be launched by the SLV-3 Indian launch vehicle. It was launched in 1980 dollars.