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# Without drawing a diagram to scale, show that the circle ${x^2} + {\left( {y - 1} \right)^2} = 16$ lies completely inside the circle ${x^2} + {y^2} - x = 26$

Last updated date: 06th Sep 2024
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Hint: Here it is written that you have to answer without diagram but if it was not mentioned the best of answering these questions is through diagram. Here you have to answer by comparing distance between center and radius.

If the two circle ${C_1}{\text{ and }}{{\text{C}}_2}$ touch internally then ${C_1}{C_2} = {r_1} - {r_2}$. But if ${C_2}$ lies inside the circle
${C_1}$ then ${C_1}{C_2} < {r_1} - {r_2}$
Here ${C_1}\left( {\dfrac{1}{2},0} \right),{r_1} = \dfrac{1}{2}\sqrt {105} ,{C_2} = \left( {0,1} \right),{r_2} = 4$
Here ${C_1}{C_2}$ is the distance between the centers of the given circles.
${C_1}{C_2} = \sqrt {\dfrac{1}{4} + 1} = \dfrac{1}{2}\sqrt 5$
And ${r_1}{r_2} = \dfrac{1}{2}\sqrt {105} - 4$
Clearly ${C_1}{C_2} < {r_1} - {r_2}$. Hence circle ${C_2}$ lies completely inside the circle ${C_1}$.