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Which type of farming is suitable in hilly areas?

Last updated date: 18th Jul 2024
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Hint: Growing crops or keeping animals for food and raw materials is what farming entails. Agriculture includes farming. Agriculture began thousands of years ago, but no one knows for certain. The Neolithic Revolution occurred as a result of the development of farming, in which people abandoned the nomadic hunting and became settlers in what became cities.

Complete answer:
Farming entails raising animals and cultivating crops for raw materials and food. It is an important aspect of agriculture, which dates back thousands of years. However, neither the exact date nor the age of the practice is known. The Neolithic Revolution arose as a result of farming. It was a time when people abandoned nomadic hunting in favor of urban settlements.

Terrace farming works well in hilly areas.
Terrace farming is the act of building steps or terraces on mountain slopes to carry out farming activities. Terrace cultivation is practiced in Punjab, Meghalaya, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh Plains, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttaranchal in India.

Terrace farming types
Terrace farming is classified into two types: bench and ridge terraces.
• Bench terraces are used to reduce the slope of the land.
• Ridge terraces – Ridge terraces are used to remove or retain water from slopes. Ridge terraces are classified into two types: narrow-based and broad-based.

Note: Terraced paddy fields are widely used in rice, wheat, and barley farming in Asia's east, south, and southeast, as well as the Mediterranean Basin, Africa, and South America. Terrace farming in drier climates is common throughout the Mediterranean Basin, where it is used for vineyards, olive trees, cork oak, and other crops.