Hint:The state which is the leading producer of sugar in India, is also India’s most populous state. One of the seven wonders of the world is even located in the state. In Fact world’s largest Kumbha Mela also takes place in the same state.
The economic matters of sugar in India are more muddled than those of sugar industries in numerous different nations. This is a direct result of the presence of the deviating factory industry next to each other with an enormous cottage industry that makes open-pan sugar, especially gur (solid form of sugar cane juice) and khandsari (semi-white centrifugal sugar). These two industries compete for supplies of sugarcanes on the demand side, white sugar supplements and substitutes for the products of cottage industry.
In India the white sugar industry is of impressive monetary significance. After the cotton textile industry it is the second largest industry in India. Sugarcane farmers and their families, numbering more than 35 million, establish around 7 percent of the rural populace. The sugar industry utilizes 350,000 employees and furthermore gives significant aberrant work through different auxiliary activities.
The production and area of sugarcane have expanded impressively in the course of recent many years. The average region under sugarcane expanded from 2.4million ha in the mid sixties to about 3.8 million ha during the nineties. While the total sugarcane zone expanded by 57 percent during this period, that of rice, which possesses a surface area more than sugar, rose only by 23 percent. Uttar Pradesh represents almost 50 percent of the total sugarcane area. Other major states incorporate; Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu 12 percent every), Karnataka 9 percent) and Andhra Pradesh (6percent).
Hence, the correct answer is option (A).
Note: The first time sugar was domesticated was in 8000 BCE in New Guinea. It was later brought to India and the Philippines. Sugar is also used as a preservative since it prevents the growth of bacteria in food.