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Which river is called “The Sorrow of Bengal”?

Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
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Hint: It is a river that flows through the Jharkhand and West Bengal states of India. Rich in mineral wealth, especially coal, the river valley is home to mining and manufacturing activity on a wide scale.Several dams are constructed on the river.

Complete answer:
As it used to flood many parts of the Bardhaman, Hooghly, Howrah, and Medinipur districts, the Damodar River was historically known as the "River of Sorrows."
In the monsoon months between June and August, the Chota Nagpur Plateau receives an average annual rainfall of about $ 1400 $ mm ($ 55 $ inch), almost all of it. Rage in the upper reaches of the valley used to be the immense amount of water flowing down the Damodar and its tributaries during the monsoons. It used to overflow its banks in the lower valley and flood wide zones.

The floods were basically a yearly ritual. In several years, the loss was probably more than that. Many of the great floods of the Damodar are documented in history —$ 1770,1855,1866,1873 - 1874,1875 - 76,1884 - 85,1891 - 92,1897,1900,1907,1913,1927,1930,1935,1943 $ Four of these floods $ (1770,1855,1913,1943) $ flooded much of the town of Bardhaman.

Additional information: The valley of Damodar is rich in coal. It is considered the country's prime centre for coking coal. Huge deposits spread over $ 2,883 $ square kilometers ($ 1,113 $ sq. mi) are located in the central basin. Jharia, Raniganj, West Bokaro, East Bokaro, Ramgarh, South Karanpura, and North Karanpura are the major coalfields in the basin.

Hence, the correct answer is option (B).

Note: In the Damodar River valley, multiple dams have been installed for hydroelectric power production. The valley is also called as "the Ruhr of India". Damodar Valley Corporation also called DVC, this project was the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India in July $ 7,1948 $, by an Act of the Constituent Assembly of India. It is modeled on the United States' Tennessee Valley Authority.