Hint: The state referred to as India’s tea garden is situated in the northeast of India, and is one of the largest tea producing regions of the world. Every year the collective yield of the tea gardens is over 1.5 million pounds of tea. The black teas grown in this region are celebrated worldwide for their bold, aromatic, malty flavours and intense colour.
Complete answer: Assam, situated in the northeast of India, is one of the largest tea producing regions of the world. The state of Assam is known as the tea garden of India. Every year the collective yield of the tea gardens is over 1.5 million pounds of tea. The Assamese tea is majorly grown in the Brahmaputra Valley and is brightly coloured. Jorhat, in the central part of the valley, is often known as the “Tea Capital of the World”.
Assam is surrounded by the Himalayan foothills in the north and south. The Brahmaputra river flows from east to west and drains into the Bay of Bengal. This topography creates one of the most abundant biodiversity zones in the world. The low altitude, rich loamy soil conditions with ample rainfall form a unique climate that is ideal for tea production. The tropical climate of Assam provides the unique malty taste that Assamese tea is famous for.
In Assam, tea plants are grown at just 45-60 meters above sea level. This is quite low in comparison to other regions such as Darjeeling, where teas are grown between 600 to 2000 meters above sea level.
In general, Assam teas are harvested from March until November. The most significant are the First and Second Flush teas, harvested between April to June. The region is a producer of both ‘orthodox whole-leaf tea' and ‘CTC (crush, tear, curl) granular teas'. The black tea grown in the tea gardens of Assam are admired worldwide for their bold, brisk, aromatic, malty flavours and intense colour.
Note: Assam and Southern China are the only two places in the world to have indigenous tea plants. The land in Assam's tea gardens are so rich, they even have their own time zone. “Tea garden time” or Bagantime, is an hour ahead of Indian standard time. This system was introduced during British days to make the best use of the early sunrise.