Hint: A regular and an autonomous organisation, the Election Commission of India (ECI) was created specifically by the Indian Constitution to promote fair elections throughout the nation. The authority of superintendence, direction, and controls over elections related to the parliament, legislative bodies, the executive office of India, and the office of vice-president of India is eventually vested in the electoral commission, as per Article 324 of the Constitution. As a result, the Election Commission coordinates with both the central and state governments in running fair elections.
Complete answer: The full form of BLO is Booth Level Officer. It is critical to improve the quality of the electoral registration process and electoral rolls in order to increase voter’s contribution and reduce electoral malpractices. A Booth Level Officer (BLO) is a local government or a semi-government official who is familiar with the local electors and is usually a voter in the same polling district who aids in updating the roll by drawing on his local knowledge. In actuality, a BLO is a grass-roots representative of the Election Commission of India (ECI) who plays an important part in the process of roll revision and gathering actual field data on the roll which relates to the polling district which is allotted to the BLO.
BLOs are appointed from among the officers of the governmental bodies under Section 13B (2) of the Representation of People Act, 1950. The Commission eventually agreed in August 2006 to establish the notion of selecting BLOs who would be accountable for guaranteeing the authenticity of the electoral roll. The ECI implemented this new method of appointing BLOs to provide a clear chain of responsibility for the creation of an error-free electoral roll, with the BLOs acting as its custodian at the polling booth level. BLO aids eligible individuals in registering to vote and obtaining a voter card.
Note: After a few years of the BLO debut in the electoral process and the effective use in subsequent elections, it is now an important element of the election administration process. BLO offers the various forms for the addition, deletion, and correction of Electoral Roll entries. Additionally, the BLO also performs physical inspection, and reports to the Electoral Registration Officer (ERO). The BLO communicates with local residents and members of political parties to identify fraudulent voters who will be removed from the electoral record following due procedure.