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Which part of India is called Purvanchal? Give any two features.

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint:This part is a hilly area which is also called the Eastern Highlands. This region has a lot of references in the epic of Mahabharata. Bangladesh lies to the southwest, China lies to the northeast and Myanmar lies to the southeast to Purvanchal.

Complete answer:
Since Purvanchal is crisscrossed by several faults, geologically speaking this area is highly unstable. Narrow parallel valleys which incline westward define the north-south aligned hill ranges of Purvanchal. They cover an area of approximate 98000 square km which includes the region north eastern states such as Tripura, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland and Assam. Mount Dapha in Arunachal Pradesh is the highest peak in this part of the country. Burhi, Dihang, Kusiyara, Kaladan, Tixu, Burhi, Naurya, Nantaleik etc are some of the famous rivers that flow here. There is a diversity in vegetation because varieties of forests are found here, such as coniferous, temperate evergreen and tropical evergreen which produces flora species such as cherry, fig, birch, chestnut, oak, laurel, and bamboo. Shifting cultivation and primitive implements are used for growing crops such as corn, sesame, mustard, pulses, rice, barley. Livestock rearing and poultry farming are also given significant importance. Thisregion is inhabited by various tribes and ethnic people, for example the Tangsa, Kuki, Naga, Chakma, Wacho, Mizo etc. lime, lignite, coal, iron ore, copper ore are the example of mineral reserves found in this region. This region is connected through the North East Frontier railway and the National Highway which has made it possible to reach various towns like Kohima, Imphal and Agartala. Major cities are linked by air transport.

Note:Some of the major hills of this area are Abor hills, Garo hills, Khasi hills, Jaintia hills, Mizo hills, Manipur hills, Tripura hills, Mishmi hills, Patkai Bum hills and many more.