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Which of the following were the leaders of the Congress Socialist Party.
A. Acharya Narendra Dev
B.Subhas Chandra Bose
C. Jawaharlal Nehru
D. All

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Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Within the Indian National Congress the Congress Socialist Party CSP) was formed. The party was based on ideologies of Fabianism and Marxism-Leninism.

Complete answer: The Congress Socialist Party consisted leaders from both sections- the ones who vouched for armed struggles such as Jaiprakash Narayan, Yusuf Mehrally as well as those wanted to practice Ahimsa or armed struggle such as Acharya Narendra Dev. The CSP advocated towards decentralised socialism in which co-operatives, farmers, trade unions would hold power and be a part of the economic process. The party was founded in 1934.
Through class solidarity, the Congress Socialist Party hoped to erase all divisions based on religion. Some of them vouched for democratic socialism. The Communists worked with the CSP during the Popular Front period. Acharya Narendra Dev was one of the main propounders of the Congress Socialist Party. He was in favour of Democratic Socialism and believed in non-violence tactics like satyagraha to be the most powerful weapons. Narendra Dev was influenced towards national politics by Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Aurobindo Ghosh. While he was a teacher he gathered interest in the study of Marxism and Buddhism. He played a major role in the Hindi language movement.
Option A is the right answer.

Note: Acharya Narendra Dev served as the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Lucknow and Banaras Hindu University. He worked towards eradicating poverty not only in the idealistic grounds of Marxism but also humanitarian grounds.