A National Park is secured where the emphasis on the betterment of the wildlife and biodiversity is of utmost importance. Karnataka has a total of 5 National Parks. From the above-given options, the National Parks located in Karnataka are situated in Uttara Kannada district and Chikkamagaluru district respectively.
A National Park is a wildlife protection site where no human activities like forestry, poaching, hunting, and grazing are allowed. The boundaries of a National Park are well marked and even private ownership rights are not permitted in these regions. The areas under National Parks usually range from 100 to 500 sq. km. A single floral or faunal species is the focus of preservation in these areas.
The two National Parks from the given options that are located in Karnataka are Kali Tiger Reserve and Kudremukh National Park. These are situated in Uttara Kannada district and Chikkamagaluru district respectively. Both of them are famous for tiger reserves.
The Kudremukh National Park is part of the Global Tiger Conservation Priority-I. This format was developed jointly by the World Wide Fund-USA and Wildlife Conservation Society or WCS.
The Kali Tiger Reserve is a National Park that is inhabited by the Bengal tigers, black panthers, and Indian elephants. Another distinctive fauna is also found in abundance here. The lifeline of the Kali National Park is the Kali River which flows through the tiger reserve.
The Kaziranga National Park is located in Assam and Sunderbans is located in West Bengal. Gir National Park is in Gujarat and Kanha National Park is in Madhya Pradesh. Hazaribagh is located in Jharkhand and Chandrapur is situated in Maharashtra.
Hence, we can conclude from the above discussion, that the right answer is option D.
The Union Environmental Minister declared the kudremukh range as a tiger reserve as part of the Bhadra Wildlife sanctuary. The Kali National Park is home to various hydroelectric dams and nuclear power stations with its diverse flora and fauna. The responsibility of the conservation of Kali is in hands of the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests.