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Which monarch called himself as the second Alexander?
(A) Muhammad Bin Tughlaq
(B) Samudra Gupta
(C) Alauddin khilji
(D) Chandra Gupta 2nd

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Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint:- This monarch was the second emperor of the Khilji dynasty. He had a dream to conquer the world, so he assumed the title of "Sikhandra -i-Sani or the second Alexander. He was the most powerful and ambitious emperor of the khalji dynasty who ruled in Delhi sultanate in the Indian subcontinent.

Complete step by step answer:- Alauddin khalji called himself as the second Alexander. He was one of the most powerful emperors of the khalji dynasty. He is known for the reforms in revenue and price policies. He was responsible for many administrative changes during his reign, also noted for repulsing the Mongol invasion in India. He had a dream of conquering the world, so in his coins, he started to depict himself as " Sikhandra-i-Sani.
Alauddin was the nephew and son in law of his predecessor. After suppressing the revolt against Alauddin khalji in 1291 of kara, he obtained the governorship of kara, he obtained the governorship of Awadh in 1296. In 1296, he raided Devanagiri and conquered it also. His force also achieved victory against the Mongols near the Ravi riverbank. He also won kingdoms of Gujrat, Ranthambore, Chittoor, Malwa, Jalone and many more states. This helped him to build confidence in the war and he started to see a new dream of conquering the world. That's why he called himself the second Alexander.

So the correct answer is C , Alauddin khalji
Alauddin khalji called himself the second Alexander.


Note:-
Alauddin's original name was Ali Gurshasp. He was the eldest son of Shihanbuddin Mas'ud, elder brother of the khalji, dynasty's founder Sultan Jalaluddin. He was brought up by Jalaluddin after Shihabuddin's death and appointed him as the governor of Kara, but he was hungry for all the empire so he killed Jalaluddin through conspiracy and became the new emperor of Delhi.