The largest river basin is also the most populated river basin in the world. It covers India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh and then merges into the Bay of Bengal along with its distributaries.
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Ganga river basin is the largest river basin in India. The length of the Ganga river basin is more than 2500 km. It is a whopping 1,086,000 square kilometers covering countries like Tibet, Nepal, India, and Bangladesh. In the North, the Ganga river basin is the result of the division of Himalaya or lower parallel ranges beyond Ganga and Brahmaputra. The west of the Ganges Basin borders the Indus basin and the Aravalli ridge. However, In the Southern limits, Vindhyas and Chota Nagpur Plateau are found. On the east, the Ganges unites with the Brahmaputra via common distributaries into the Bay of Bengal. Its catchment lies in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Arunachal Pradesh, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan. Tibet has various distributaries under its belt that flow south through Nepal. The basin is also the most populated basin in the world as it is home to approximately 500 million people.
The River Ganges or Ganga is a symbol of faith, hope, culture, and sanity, as well as a source of livelihood for millions. The river is sacred in Hinduism and is the center of social and religious tradition. Indian culture demands special faith and respect towards the river considering its mention in various Indian books and scriptures such as Vedas, Puranas, Mahabharata, Ramayana, etc.