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Which constitutional right is violated by discrimination against women?
A. Right to freedom
B. Right against exploitation.
C. Right to equality.
D. Right to Constitutional remedies.

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: In the Rig-Veda time, women were equally treated in the society, unlike the later Rigvedic period where the condition of women deteriorated to a great extent. Even there was a decline in their condition from ancient to medieval to even colonial time. Post-independence, some rights were provided under the Indian constitution.

Complete answer:
as per the World Health Organization, about 35% of women worldwide have experienced physical or sexual violence in their lifetime. India is also one of the topmost countries in which women are subjected to violence domestically and at work too. Some forms of violence can be seen as Honor Killing, Feticide, sexual harassment at the workplace, forced early marriage, forced labor, and so on. it has caused the deterioration of women’s health and condition. However, the constitution under Article 15(1), 15(3), 16(2), 23(1), 39(a), 39(d), 39(e), 42, 51-A, and so on, makes some provisions for women’s safeguard, protection, and equality.
So, the correct answer is Option C.

Note: Post-independence India, women have been empowered through various provisions mentioned in the constitution of India. However, it is seen that most of these provisions remain in paper rather than in practicality as still after more than 70 years, women struggle for equality and power in the male-dominated society. They are still believed to be inferior to men in some parts of the country and hence, they do not enjoy the same status, power, and opportunity.